Identity area

Type of entity


Authorized form of name


Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

ca. 1936 -


Rarihokwats has held a wide variety of positions during his lengthy working career. He holds a Masters of Arts in the Teaching Sciences, Antioch-Putney Graduate School 1968. He speaks English, Spanish & some Mohawk.

From 1961-1965 he was a director of family & child services & child care supervisor with the Children’s Aid Society. Followed by community development officer for Indian Affairs, Akwesasme (1965-1967). Rarihokwats is founder, publisher & editor of Akwesasne Notes & Speaker for White Roots of Peace. He was the recipient of the Marie Potts Award of the American Indian Press Association; the Robert Kennedy Award for Journalism in the Service of Minorities, & a World Council of Churches Anti -Racism Award between (1968-1977). He has been an elder & advisor to an American First Nation, particularly in regard to its educational projects, genealogical research for the federal resignation process (1978-2014). He developed from concept to full operation a Healing Lodge under contract for Correctional Services Canada & served as its first CEO (1997-2001). He worked on historical research & program development for the Manitoba Dakota First Nations (1998-2007). He was a researcher for a major First Nations test case (2002-2014). Rarihokwats is an advisor & historian on Treaty for NWT First Nations (Akaitcho) (2005-present). A negotiator & senior advisor, Treaty 1 First Nations in major legal actions related to pipelines & surplus federal military base (2007-2012). An advisor to Canadian Ombudsman regarding strategic planning & communications (2008-present). He provided assistance to membership of a First Nation in developing constitution and laws & in developing capacity to work together for the future (2009-present). Facilitator of workshops for a large First Nation on treaty-related issues, nation building & political strategies (2009). He was a principal researcher advisor for the successful Norway House Tax Fishers Tax Exemption case resulting in a victory in the Federal Court of Appeal (2009-2012). He did historical research for Saskatchewan First Nation advancing a Treaty-based case related to failure of the federal Crown to pay compensation for lands offered by Treaty for immigration & settlement (2010-present). Rarihokwats was a visiting professor, University of Ottawa, Departments of Geography & Aboriginal studies re: Indigenous Knowledge & “Indigenous Peoples, Settler Colonialism, Decolonizing, & Healing Reconstruction” (2011-2014). He is currently a consultant to a Board of community trust involved in community improvement & economic development enterprises (2013-present).

For the full copy of Rarihokwats C.V. consult Box 69 in the oversize collection.


Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points


Control area

Authority record identifier


Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used



Level of detail


Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created by Lewis St. George Stubbs (April 2019). Revised by N. Courrier (April 2019).




Maintenance notes

  • Clipboard

  • Export

  • EAC

Related subjects

Related places