Title and statement of responsibility area
Margaret Avison accrual
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Dates of creation area
- Avison, Margaret
Physical description area
0.5 m of textual records, 53 photographs, 73 negatives, 4 contact sheets, 4 video cassettes
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Margaret Avison was born in Galt, Ontario in 1918. She moved to Regina with her family in 1920, and then to Calgary a few years later. The Avisons moved to Toronto in 1930, where Avison attended high school. She entered Victoria College at the University of Toronto in 1936. When she completed her B.A. in English in 1940, she was already a published poet; her poem "Gatineau" had appeared in the Canadian Poetry Magazine the previous year. Avison had a wide and varied professional career including working as a file clerk, proofreader, editor, and in the Registrar's Office and Library at the University of Toronto.
In 1951, Avison's History of Ontario, a high school textbook, was published. She was awarded a Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Grant in 1956, enabling her to spend eight months in the United States writing poetry and attending creative writing classes at the universities of Chicago and Indiana. She then undertook freelance work editing, indexing, and ghostwriting a book entitled A Doctor's Memoir. Her first book of poetry, Winter Sun, was published in 1960 and won the Governor General's Award.
Deeply moved by the Hungarian Uprising of 1956, Avison translated eight Hungarian poems, which appeared in The Plough and Pen: Writings from Hungary 1930-1956, and brought recognition to many of the great twentieth-century Hungarian poets. The following year The Research Compendium was published. In 1963, Avison returned to the University of Toronto for graduate work. She completed her M.A. thesis and began doctoral studies in 1964, but never earned her doctorate because she did not write a thesis.
The Dumbfounding, her second book of poetry was published in 1966. It was the product of her profound religious convictions, as were all of her subsequent collections. From 1966 to 1968 she taught at Scarborough College, University of Toronto. During this time, she volunteered as a women's worker for a Presbyterian mission called Evangel Hall, then served on the staff there until 1972. Avison spent eight months as writer-in-residence at the University of Western Ontario during 1972 to 1973, after which she took a position in the CBC Radio Archives. In 1978, she returned to charitable work, working as a secretary for the Mustard Seed Mission. Her third book of poetry, sunblue, was published in 1978.
In 1986, Avison retired from the Mustard Seed Mission. She received her second Governor-General's Award in 1990 for No Time, which had been published the previous year. An anthology of her work titled Margaret Avison: Selected Poems was published in 1991. In 1994, A Kind of Perseverance was published, consisting of two lectures describing the tensions she experienced when trying to live out her Christian values in secular society, specifically within a university setting. A further book of poetry, Not Yet but Still, was published in 1997. Her book of poetry, Concrete and Wild Carrot, was published in 2002 by Brick Books and won the prestigious Griffin Poetry Prize in 2003. Between 2003 and 2005, The Porcupine's Quill published Always Now: The Collected Poems, Volumes One to Three. From 2006-2009, her last three books were published, two of them posthumously: Momentary Dark (2006), Listening (2009), and I Am Here and Not Not-There, an autobiography (2009). In addition to her two Governor-General's awards, Avison's contribution to Canadian literature has been recognized through the bestowal of honorary degrees from Acadia University (1983), York University (1985), and Victoria University (1988). Avison was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1985. She died in 2007.
The third accrual (A.01-22) was donated in 2001, the fourth accrual (A.03-109) in 2003, and the fifth and six accrual (A.07-55; A.07-64) in 2007.
Scope and content
The 2001 accrual contributes photographs, audiotapes, to the existing fonds, as well as material relating to Avison’s work such as worksheets, manuscripts, published copies, and reviews. It also includes correspondence from the 1980s to 2001, material relating to the honours and awards that she has received, and lectures and readings. This accrual contains Avison’s Bible study notes created from 1967 to 2001.
The 2003 accrual contains textual records mostly relating to recent published books. There are photographs dating from 1921 to 2003 and audio cassettes dating from 1987 to 2003.
The accrual (A.07-55) donated in 2007 contains 24 cm of textual records mostly relates to recent publications, production and publicity of Margarite Avison's work.
The final accrual donated in 2007 consists of Margaret Avison's correspondence arranged A-Z, book reviews, her manuscripts "Momentary Dark" ; "Concrete and Wild Carrot"; and the photograph and audio collections.
Margaret Avison's final collection of poems "Listening: last poems" (Winner of the Griffin Poetry Prize) was donated in 2009.
Immediate source of acquisition
This collection is organized into 13 series and three additional accessions
Language of material
Script of material
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Restrictions on access
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
One folder of correspondence entitled “Kogawa, Joy – Correspondence, 1993-1995” is restricted from access for fifty years from the time it was received in the archives in 2001.
a) Open to all;
b) Quotations of excerpts allowed but no unpublished poem by, or any item of correspondence to or from, the donor may be published in full;
c) All quotations are to provide the source and to convey Margaret Avison's judgement that the piece is unpublishable;
d) Any publishing in full must wait until twenty years after the author's death;
f) It is the user's responsibility to abide by all Canadian copyright legislation as amended by Parliament from time to time.
A finding aid can be generated from the fonds-level description.
Generated finding aid
Photographs and audio recordings were separated from the manuscript collection and relocated in the photograph collection (PC 151), and the audiotape collection (TC 97). Restricted material was removed to a separate box.
Further accruals are not expected.
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Dates of creation, revision and deletion
2001 & 2003 & 2007