Title and statement of responsibility area
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald fonds
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- Graphic material
- Textual record
- Sound recording
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Dates of creation area
- FitzGerald, Lionel LeMoine
- The dates of the records in the collection fall outside of L.L. FitzGerald's lifespan because some of the records belonged to the FitzGerald family. Other records originally made up the FitzGerald Study Collection which incorporated publicaitons and other materials about FitzGerald's life and work.
Physical description area
3 m of textual records and graphic material
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald was born in March 17, 1890, in Winnipeg to Lionel Henry FitzGerald and Belle (Hicks) FitzGerald. Leaving school when he was 14, L. L. FitzGerald worked at Stovel's publishing house and Eaton's department store while pursuing art in his spare time and taking classes at the Keszthelyi School of Fine Art. In 1912, FitzGerald married Felicia Wright (1883-1962) whom with he had two children, a son, Edward, and a daughter, Patricia.
FitzGerald first exhibited with the Royal Canadian Academy in 1913. In 1918, he sold his first painting to the National Gallery of Canada. In order to keep abreast of current artistic trends, FitzGerald spent the winter of 1921 studying drawing at the Arts Student League in New York. Upon his return to Winnipeg, he held his first one-man exhibition in September at the Winnipeg Art Gallery. His increasing success as a painter earned him a job as an art teacher at the Winnipeg School of Art in 1924, where he was appointed principal in 1929. By 1932, FitzGerald's art had attracted the attention of the Group of Seven. With the exhibition of his seminal work, Doc Snyder's House, he was unanimously granted membership of the group, replacing J. E. H. MacDonald. With the dissolution of the Group of Seven in 1933, FitzGerald became a founding member of the Canadian Group of Artists. He was also an active member of the Winnipeg Sketch Club and the Manitoba Society of Artists.
After 25 years as an art teacher, FitzGerald retired from the Winnipeg School of Art in 1949. His contribution to fine art in Manitoba was recognized by the University of Manitoba with an honorary degree in 1952. L. L. FitzGerald passed away from heart attack in 1956. Numerous posthumous exhibitions of FitzGerald's work have served to bolster his reputation as one of Canada's most significant artists of the twentieth century.
In 1977, the executors of the Patricia Morrison estate, FitzGerald's daughter, donated Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald's papers and a large collection of his artwork to the University of Manitoba with the purpose of establishing a study centre dedicated to the artist. The result was the opening of the L. L. FitzGerald Study Collection within the University of Manitoba School of Art where the documents were made available to students and researchers. The initial donation was followed by further accessions from various sources and expanded to include information on other canadian artists and artworks as well. The L. L. FitzGerald Study Collection was moved to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections in 2009. The Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald fonds contains both FitzGerald's personal papers and photographs and materal from the School of Art's FitzGerald Study Collection.
Scope and content
The fonds is divided into 16 series: Biographical Documents, Articles, Sketchbooks and Reproductions, Collected Art Publications, Professional & Personal Correspondence, Felicia FitzGerald; Patricia (FitzGerald) Morrison Papers, Exhibition Catalogues, Artifacts, Collected Books & Journals, Inventories of Collection, Theses on L. L. FitzGerald, Photocopies of Typed Transcripts, FitzGerald Study Collection Papers, Helen Coy Research Material, Photographs, and Tapes
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There are no restrictions on access.
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Generated finding aid
The Winnipeg Art Gallery Archives also has some material relating to L.L. FitzGerald and the Winnipeg School of Art
The L.L. FitzGerald Study collection was reorganized in 2009 after arriving at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections in order to incorporate: materials never accessioned but received by the School of Art, the administrative papers kept by the study centre, and the papers of Helen Coy pertaining to FitzGerald and her time as curator of the collection. Materials not related to FitzGerald, but related to the School of Art, have been separated into its own fonds: Mss 291, Pc 242 (A.09-16).
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Created on January 24, 2012 by Andrea Martin.
Revised on January 19, 2018 by Natalie Vielfaure.
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