Fonds A2018-144 - International Commodity Exchange Inc. Fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

International Commodity Exchange Inc. Fonds

General material designation

  • Multiple media

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Level of description

Fonds

Reference code

CA UMASC A2018-144

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1886-2014 (Creation)
    Creator
    Winnipeg Commodity Exchange

Physical description area

Physical description

2.3 m of textual material, 1570 photographs, 1425 negatives, 127 contact sheets, 1481 slides, 23 moving images, 18 electronic records & 10 printing objects.

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1887-)

Administrative history

The Winnipeg Commodity Exchange was founded in 1887, as the Winnipeg Grain and Produce Exchange, by a group of Winnipeg grain merchants. It served initially as a forum for cash trades in Canadian grains, but, in 1904, introduced trading in wheat futures and subsequently added futures trading in barley, oats, flax, and rye. In 1908, the Exchange was re-organized as a voluntary, unincorporated, non-profit organization and its name was changed to the Winnipeg Grain Exchange.

The Grain Exchange grew in importance with the Canadian grain economy so that by 1929, it played a major part in the establishment of world grain prices and the establishment of the Canadian Wheat Board in 1935. In 1943, the Wheat Board was given a monopoly in the marketing of wheat. In 1949, this monopoly was extended to oats and barley. The importance of the Exchange began to revive in 1963 with the establishment of a futures market in rapeseed. In 1972, a market in gold futures was opened, at which time the Exchange changed its name to the Winnipeg Commodity Exchange. In 1974, part of the trade in barley, oats, and feed wheat was restored to the Exchange and a market in eastern corn was opened.

The Winnipeg Commodity Exchange Inc. (W.C.E. or the "Exchange") is Canada's only agricultural futures and options exchange. Contracts traded on W.C.E. include futures contracts for canola, flaxseed, domestic feed wheat, and domestic feed barley. Options on canola, flaxseed, feed wheat, and feed barley are also traded. In 1996 the Winnipeg Commodities Exchange was Incorporated by an Act of the Manitoba Government. In 1998 WCE Clearing Corporation was established. On Feb. 1, 2004 WCE celebrated a 100 years of Futures Contract Trading. Later that year marked the end of open outcry trading on December 17th. The WCE was acquired by International Exchange Inc. on August 28, 2007. After 131 years of operation ICE moved to New York in July 2018.

Custodial history

The fonds was donated to University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections in 2018 by the International Commodity Exchange.

Scope and content

The fonds consists of five series they include: graphic material 1570 photographs, 1425 negs. 127 contact sheets & 1481 slides, textual records, 23 moving images, 18 electronic records & 10 printing objects.

Notes area

Physical condition

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Script of material

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Restrictions on access

There are no restrictions on access.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

A finding aid can be downloaded from the fonds-level description by clicking on the “Download’ link under “Finding Aid” on the right hand side of the screen.

Associated materials

Winnipeg Commodity Clearing Ltd.

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Accruals

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Status

Draft

Level of detail

Partial

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Finding aid created by Lewis St. George Stubbs (August 2019).

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Script of description

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