- CA UMASC Mss 2
The fonds consists of correspondence, manuscript copybooks related to Frederick Philip Grove's published and unpublished novels, short stories, articles and poems, news clippings, financial documents, biographical material, and photographs. Clippings and financial documents are in chronological order. Most of the material is original, some, such as Greve's poems Wanderungen of 1902, are photocopied from originals held in Germany and elsewhere, like at Queen's University or the University of Toronto. A few published short stories, essays and articles are copied from magazines or newspapers, however, many are extant in original typescripts.
About half the correspondence is original; the rest is photocopied from original’s at Queen’s University, the University of Toronto, and elsewhere. Several letters, though not all, have been published in The Letters of Frederick Philip Grove (1976) edited by Desmond Pacey. They generally pertain to the publication of Grove’s various works. Those more personal in nature include the letters of Dr. W. J. Alexander (from the period 1928 to 1929), Watson Kirkconnell (1928 to 1947), Raymond Knister (1929 to 1931), Henry C. Miller (1926 to 1929), Arthur Phelps (1922 to 1926), Lorne Pierce (1925 to 1947), and Carleton Stanley (1928 to 1947). The letters to Warkentin (1913 to 1914) reflect Grove’s first years in Manitoba. The collection also contains many copies of letters which Grove wrote to his wife during his Canadian Clubs lecture tours of 1928 and 1929.
With respect to Grove’s published novels, some of the copybooks are marked “double page sequence”. This refers to Grove’s practice of turning a copybook around when he finished it and continuing back to front, writing on the back side of the pages. Consider Her Ways (1947) was also titled “Go to the Ant, Thou Sluggard” and “Man, His Habits, Social Organization and Outlook”. Included are three manuscript copybooks and two typescripts. “Abe Spalding” was the original title of Fruits of the Earth (1933). A total of fourteen manuscript copybooks reveal Grove’s second, third and fourth drafts of this novel. A copybook headed “The Autobiography” is a partial manuscript of In Search of Myself (1946). The Master of the Mill (1944) is presented in three typescripts, one manuscript volume or ‘publisher’s dummy’, and two sets of manuscript copybooks of the first and second drafts. Our Daily Bread (1928) is written in seven manuscript copybooks, Book I beginning with a chronological list of characters and events. Settlers of the Marsh (1925) was originally written as a three-book series titled “Latter-Day Pioneers”. The titles of the original three books were “The Settlement”, “The White Range-Line House”, and “Male and Female”. Working copies of this novel include three sets of manuscript copybooks and five typescripts. Two Generations (1939) is in two manuscript copybooks and The Yoke of Life (1931), originally titled “Equal Opportunity”, fills four manuscript copybooks. Unfortunately, the draft number of the manuscripts and typescripts is usually not indicated. This collection does not have manuscripts for Over Prairie Trails, The Turn of the Year or A Search for America.
The Grove collection also contains manuscripts and/or typescripts of the following twelve unpublished novels: “Democracy” (or “Peasant Revolt” or “Town and Country”), “Heart’s Desire”, “The Hillside”, “The House of Stone”, “Jane Atkinson”, “The Lean Five”, “Murder in the Quarry”, “The Poet’s Dream. A Romance and its Sequel”, “The Seasons”, “Tales from the Margin”, “The Weatherhead Fortunes. A Story of the Small Town”, and “Wilfred and Barbara”.
The majority of the published short stories are photocopies of magazine or newspaper articles. However, there are original typescripts of the following: “A Christmas in the Canadian Bush”, “A First Night on Canadian Soil”, “Hospitality”, “Lost”, “North of the Fifty-Five”, “The Platinum Watch”, Riders” and “The Flavour of Life” (published as “Traveler Stranded in Rural Wastes”). “The Adventures of Leonard Broadus” is also in manuscript form. Also included are twelve copies of The Canadian Boy, in which this story was serially published. “In Search of Myself” is represented in two offprints. This is actually the introduction to Grove’s published autobiography of the same title.
Of Grove’s unpublished stories, the following are in manuscript form: “Achievement”, “The Debt”, “Maid of All Work”, and “The Two Leaders”. Those in typescript form include: “Alien Enemy”, “Apparition”, “A Beautiful Soul”, “Blackmail”, “Camouflage” (plus two written pages), “the Camp of the Workers”, “Canadianization”, “Death by Spartacus”, “The Extra Man”, “An Eye for an Eye”, “The Finder”, “The First Day of an Immigrant”, “Fog”, “La Grande Passion” (a long short story), “Going After the Cow”, “Herefords in the Wilderness”, “Honey Ants”, “The Last Voyage”, “The Mystery of the Pond”, “Our Betters”, “Providence and the Sandhills”, “Radio Broadcast”, “The Spendthrift”, “The Spinster’s Tale”, “Stubborn Folk”, “The Threshers are Entertained”, “Tobacco”, and two untitled works. There are thirty-four unpublished stories as well as twelve others found in a group of “Additional Manuscript Notebooks”. These include “The Barber”, “The Murderer”, “The Hidden Sun”, “The House of Many Eyes”, “The Green-Eyed Mother”, “The Leader”, “The Principal”, “Hospital Ward”, “Salesmanship” and three untitled stories. These notebooks also contain poems, articles and notes dealing with such diverse topics as literature, science and religion.
The collection of poetry was arranged in a digest of four books. Emotionally charged, these poems are indicative of the grief suffered by Grove and his wife upon the sudden death of their daughter, Phyllis May. All are in typescript; draft numbers are not indicated. All poems are unpublished with the following exceptions: “The Palinode”, “The Dirge” (an excerpt), and “Indian Summer”. There are also several additional poems not included in the above material. Among them, “The Dying Year” is believed to be proof that Frederick Philip Grove was indeed Felix Paul Greve, for it was published by the latter in his book, Wanderungen, of which a photocopy is among the biographical material.
The majority of the published articles are typescripts or offprints and pertain to literature, education and aspects of immigrant life in Canada. Also included are five book reviews written by Grove.
His unpublished articles further reveal Grove’s wide variety of interests and concerns and include such topics as literature, education, art, democracy, farming, urbanization and mechanistic civilization. Several articles are actually typescripts of his addresses and lectures. “Civilization. A Sermon of the Unprofitable Life” is the only article in manuscript form. Other articles found with the “Additional Manuscript Notebooks” are: “Books – Why Read Books”, “The Happy Ending”, “Realism in Literature”, “The Physiological Foundation on Arts”, and “Civilization”. Unfortunately, only a small number of these items are dated.
Newspaper clippings are mainly reviews of Grove’s published novels with a few pertaining to his educational, literary, social activities and achievements, and also his obituary notice.
Perhaps the most interesting article within the Biographical materials is a diary entitled “Thoughts and reflections” found in a manuscript copybook and dating from March 14, 1933 to June 3, 1940. This volume of daily entries reveals Grove’s musings and reflections on a wide variety of topics and issues. Also included are miscellaneous notes; a copy of a newsletter announcing the publication of The Master of the Mill; biographical material for the book jacket of In Search of Myself; an editor’s suggestions pertaining to The Yoke of Life; a copper plate from the original 1939 Ryerson edition of A Search for America; pamphlets published for Grove’s lecture tour with the Association of Canadian Clubs; a photocopy of Wanderungen, by Felix Paul Greve; copies of Grove’s citizenship application and his oath of alegiance; his marriage registration; birth and death notices of Phyllis May Grove; a copy of Grove’s student mark record from the University of Manitoba; a copy of a file from the Department of Education on Frederick and Catherine Grove; four school attendance registers in Grove’s handwriting from 1913, 1913-14, 1919-20 and 1922; rural school board minutes from 1916-18, 1919-22, and 1922-28; records of the English Club in Simcoe (1932); a newsletter and questionnaire from the Canadian Authors’ Association (1947); and a centennial copy of the Red River Valley Echo (1970), which describes the people and places Grove knew during his Manitoba years.
This collection is organized into 17 series
Published Books and Novels, 1927-1933, some n.d.
Unpublished Books and Novels, n.d.
Published Short Stories, n.d.
Unpublished Short Stories, 1926, some n.d.
Additional Manuscript Notes, 1926, 1941, some n.d.
Poems Published Articles Unpublished Articles 1932-1940
Newspaper Clippings (about Grove), 1922-1973
Financial Records 1932-1947
Biographical Material, 1913-1973
Published Articles / Essays on Grove and Canadian Literature, 1925-1974
Unpublished Essays / Radio Broadcasts on Grove, 1947, 1976, some n.d.
Reviews of Articles / Books on Grove 1945-1976
Miscellaneous Publications, 1979
Photograph Collection, 1906-1974
Microfilm Collection (MF 2)
Microfilm Collection (MF 3)
Grove, Frederick Philip