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archival descriptions
Wilhelm Hummel fonds
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Various mementos (eg. Hotel receipts, party invitations, menus, programmes, playbills, calling cards, newspaper excerpts, etc.) and photographs

Algeria and Morocco

Location(s) include(s) Algeria (Algier, Oran, Tlemcen) and Morocco (Oujda, Fez). Photos depict local people, villages, architectural details, historic sites and ruins. Mr. Hummel was frequently in North Africa on business, as has been previously mentioned.


Location(s) include(s) Armenia (Yerevan, Etchmiadzin Cathedral, countryside). Photos depict the Armenian countryside, local people, mountainous terrain, a view from a distance of Yerevan with Mt. Ararat in the distance, details of the cathedral and various other buildings/structures. Mr. Hummel's purpose in Armenia is unknown, but he frequented the Near East on business.

Biography file

Photograph of Mr. Hummel, 2 pages of a biography written by his son and various photocopies of passports, programs, menus, invitations, tickets, photographs, etc.

Canary Islands and Morocco

Location(s) include(s) the Canary Islands (Tenerife, Laguna) and Morocco (Tangier). Photos depict countryside, mountains, fields of cacti, local people, island villages and city streets. Mr. Hummel's purpose in the Canary Islands is unclear, but clothing styles and vehicles indicate that this visit took place sometime in the 20th century.

Caucasus Mountains

Location(s) include(s) Mount Kasbek in the Caucasus Mountains, the Gergeti glacier, Gergeti Trinity Church and Monastery, Gudauri, Georgia. Photos depict the mountain ranges, several small villages, locals with carts and donkeys and horses, the monastery and various stone mile markers. Wilhelm was likely in Georgia on business, as at the time it would have been part of the Russian Empire, where the Holzapfel Company established manufacturing facilities as early as 1889. As usual, he clearly took the opportunity to see the sights of rural Georgia while he was there.

Crimea (1)

Location(s) include(s) Crimea (Sevastopol, Bakhchysarai, Chufut-Kale, Simferopol, and Inkerman). Photos depict overhead views of the city of Sevastopol, ships, local people going about their business (including what looks like a hunting party holding geese), countryside landscapes, churches & monasteries and various buildings. Wilhelm was likely in Crimea on business: Mr. Hummel personally oversaw the construction of a Holzapfel Company factory in Sevastopol, amongst other locations. He must have then traveled to other parts of the peninsula to sightsee and go hunting. One photo is of a ship, which must have had Holzapfel s anti-fouling coating applied to its hull.

Crimea and Georgia

Location(s) include(s) Crimea (Sevastopol, Balaclava, Alupka, Yalta, Alushta, Gurzuf) and Georgia. Photos depict landscape shots of the countryside in Crimea, the Jvari Monastery on a cliff in Georgia, local people, the streets of towns and cities, a harbor in Sevastopol and other buildings/examples of architecture. Mr. Hummel was likely in Crimea on business, as mentioned previously, due to the construction of a Holzapfel Company factory in Sevastopol. A label inside the lid of the box reads DIE KRIM. Kasten 0II or CRIMEA. Box II.

Egypt (1)

Location(s) include(s) Egypt (Alexandria, Suez, Cairo, Giza, Heliopolis and Memphis). Photos depict the pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, several other notable sites/ruins such as Heliopolis, locals in Suez, city streets of several of the cities included, several photos of the mummies of Ramses II and Seti I and various statutes/landmarks. Due to the presence of cinnabar/mercury mines in Giza, it would be fair to assume that Mr. Hummel was in Egypt on Holzapfel Company business, as one of his responsibilities was to source more mercury for the anti-fouling paint. He then clearly took the time to travel around and visit important sites and landmarks.

Egypt (2)

Location(s) include(s) Egypt (Saqqara, Asyut, Dendera, Karnak Temple, Luxor, Elephantine, and the Colossi of Memnon). Photos depict details of the various ruins, temples, pyramids, statues, active archeological digs and the surrounding areas. The photos taken at Karnak Temple show the hieroglyphs carved into the stone, and the photos of the other locations are of similar detail. A label on the inside of the lid reads Skulptur Details aus Tempeln or Details from temples . Mr. Hummel was probably in Egypt again on business Giza has rich cinnabar deposits, so perhaps he was there to source mercury for the company. He clearly took the time to visit several important historic sites and ruins and photograph the details, exhibiting a genuine interest in either architecture, history or both.

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