Title and statement of responsibility area
Elinor Black fonds
General material designation
- Textual record
- Graphic material
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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
1912 - 1982 (Creation)
1881 - 1993, predominant 1912 - 1982 (Creation)
Physical description area
1 m of textual records
ca. 900 photographs
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Elinor Frances Elizabeth Black was born in 1905 in Nelson, British Columbia, and moved to Winnipeg at the age of 12. As a high school student at Kelvin High School and undergraduate student, Black was involved in the United Church’s Canadian Girls In Training, where she met Gertrude Rutherford, an important player in the Student Christian Movement and an advocate of women as professionals. Her friendship with Rutherford and with other women she befriended through the movement continued throughout her life, as seen in the large collection of correspondence in the Elinor Black fonds.
In 1924, against the wishes of her family, Black entered the University of Manitoba Medical School, graduating in 1930. She set up a practice in Winnipeg in 1931 after spending a year working and travelling in Britain, and in 1933 was appointed assistant in obstetrics and gynaecology at the Winnipeg General Hospital and assistant demonstrator in obstetrics and gynaecology at the University of Manitoba. Black was promoted to lecturer at the University of Manitoba in 1937, the same year she received a six-month appointment as house surgeon at the South London Hospital for Women. In 1938 Black was the first Canadian woman to become a member of the British Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Elinor Black was appointed Professor and Head of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Manitoba Faculty of Medicine in 1951. During her tenure as Head, the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology grew in size and in stature. Black continued to break ground, becoming the first woman to be president of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in 1961. In 1970, Elinor Black received an honourary degree from the University of Winnipeg. She continued working for the University of Manitoba and at her private practice until just two days before her death in 1982.
Some of the material in this fonds was used by Julie Vandervoort while researching her biography of Black, "Tell the Driver". It was then returned to Fred Black, who donated the collection to the University of Manitoba.
Scope and content
This fonds consists of correspondence between Elinor Black and her friends, family, and colleagues; information about Black's education; medical papers and addresses given by Black; a copy of Black's unpublished book "The Professor and His Wife: The Stoughton Story"; photographs of Black, her friends, and her family; account books; diaries; sketchbooks; a scrapbook; and several small objects belonging to Black.
Immediate source of acquisition
The fonds was donated by Elinor Black's nephew, Fred Black.
The fonds is arranged into twelve series: Personal; Education; Church work; Medical and professorial career; Work written by Black; Correspondence; Travel; Financial accounts; Diaries; Sketchbooks; Photographs/scrapbook; and Artifacts.
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Restrictions on access
Access to some material is restricted per the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (Manitoba) (FIPPA) and the Personal Health Information Act (Manitoba) (PHIA).
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
No further accruals are expected.
Standard number area
Subject access points
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Name access points
- Black, Charlotte S. (Contributor)
- Stoughton, Arthur (Contributor)
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Created by Elizabeth-Anne Johnson on 19 June 2013.