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University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Lionel Moore

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  • Personne

Agricultural broadcaster and reporter since 1944, Moore joined CBC Radio in 1950, retiring from this distinguished career in 1979. He worked closely with the Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Manitoba and holds an honourary membership to the National Council of the Agricultural Institute of Canada.

Grove, Frederick Philip

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  • Personne
  • 1879-1948

Frederick Philip Grove arrived in Manitoba in September 1912. Although he kept his prior life very much a secret, he was born in 1879 as Felix Paul Greve in Radomno, a small Prussian town on the post-World War I German-Polish border. Greve grew up in Hamburg where he graduated from the famous humanistic Gymnasium Johanneum in 1898 and then studied classical philology at Bonn University. In late July 1909, he faked his suicide and immigrated to North America, taking second class passage on the White Star Liner "Megantic" from Liverpool to Montreal. The three years spent in the United States are described in ASA, 1927, except that Grove fails to mention the year he operated a small farm in Sparta, Kentucky, with Else Freytag-Loringhoven who had joined him in Pittsburgh in 1910. In Canada, he was a teacher/principal in a variety of rural schools, including Rapid City where he lived for seven years before moving to Ottawa in 1929. There, he joined Graphic Publishers until 1931, when he settled on an estate in Simcoe, Ontario. Grove wrote and his wife Catherine Wiens opened a Froebel Kindergarten. Grove suffered a crippling stroke in 1944 and although he continued to write, his health deteriorated. He died on August 19, 1948.

During his Manitoba years (1919-1929), Grove published twelve books, including Over Prairie Trails (1922), The Turn of the Year (1923), Settlers of the Marsh (1925), A Search for America (ASA, 1927, eEd. 2000), Our Daily Bread (1928) and It Needs to be Said (1929). He also wrote many short stories, reviews, essays and articles, and a very large number of poems (publ. 1993, eEd. 2007). In Ontario, several more books were published, starting with The Yoke of Life (1930). Fruits of the Earth (1933), Master of the Mill (1944), and his official autobiography In Search of Myself (ISM, 1946, eEd. 2007) followed. His "ant-book", the Swiftian satire Consider Her Ways (1947), was published as a fragment. Many more unfinished typescripts are among his papers. Grove was endebted to Stefan George's "Mache" or way of crafting for all his poetry, and to Flaubert's symbolic realism for his prose works. He is a key figure in Canadian literary history and is known for his vivid descriptions of life on the prairies which often tended to be dark and difficult.

Frederick Philip Grove is one of the most important and debatable novelists in Canadian literature. An intriguing aspect of this man is the mystery surrounding his origins. Grove kept secret his life prior to his arrival in Winnipeg, Manitoba in December 1912. Where he came from, who he was, what he did and why he left may never be absolutely known. However, a number of scholars have come to believe that Grove’s original name was Felix Paul Greve.1 Many aspects of this man’s life tie in with Grove’s, many do not. In accordance with increasing academic support in favor of Paul Greve and Frederick Philip Grove being the same individual, this thesis has been accepted in the present context.

In all likelihood, Frederick Philip Grove was born February 14, 1879 at Radomno, on the Polish-Prussian border. He studied at Bonn University in 1898 and sometime between 1909 and 1912 immigrated to North America. An important element of Grove’s life was his role as an educator. He spent many years teaching in various rural communities of Southern Manitoba. From January to June 1913 he taught in the town of Haskett and during the following summer was appointed principal of the Intermediate School in Winkler, where he remained until July 1915. Tena (Catherine) Wiens was a fellow teacher and became Grove’s close friend and confidante. On August 2, 1914 they were married, the bride aged 22, the groom giving his age as 41.

In the next seven years Grove taught in six different schools, as well as pursuing his own academic interests. In September 1915 he enrolled at the University of Manitoba as an extramural student, majoring in French and English. During this time, his daughter Phyllis May was born. Grove did not receive his Bachelor of Arts degree until 1922.
In the summer of 1922 Grove became principal of the high school in Rapid City, Manitoba, and although he suffered from several long-term illnesses, he taught there until 1924.
Two of Grove’s life-long associates were Arthur Leonard Phelps and Watson Kirkconnell, both of whom he first met in March 1923 at a teacher’s convention in Winnipeg. Kirkconnell was his “private library service”, while Phelps provided connections with many influential literary people such as W. A. Deacon, then literary editor of the Toronto Saturday Night, Graham Spry, later executive president of the Canadian Clubs, and Lorne Pierce, editor of Ryerson Press.

Between 1919 and 1929 Grove published twelve books including Over Prairie Trails (1922), The Turn of The Year (1923), Settlers of the Marsh (1925), A Search for America (1927), Our Daily Bread (1928) and It Needs to Be Said (1929). During this same period he also wrote several stories, reviews and articles, and a collection of poems dedicated to his daughter, Phyllis May, who died suddenly on July 20, 1927 at the age of twelve. These poems are highly emotional and portray the intense sorrow suffered by the Groves at this time.
In 1928 Grove conducted two lecture tours sponsored by the Canadian Clubs, one in Ontario (February to April) and the other in the Western provinces (September and November). Grove was a gifted lecturer, not only on literary subjects, but also on education, art, culture, farming, democracy and science. His wide-ranging interests and encyclopedic knowledge are especially evident in the collection of unpublished articles and addresses. Grove became quite popular and his works were well received by the Canadian public.
In September of 1929, just prior to the Depression, Grove left Rapid City, Manitoba and in December moved to Ottawa to join Graphic Publishers. However, due to personal disputes, he left the company in March of 1931 and used the money he had saved from this venture to buy a forty-acre farm in Simcoe, Ontario. Graphic Publishers declared bankruptcy on August 16, 1932. Before the Groves left Ottawa, their son, Arthur Leonard (named after Arthur Phelps), was born August 14, 1931.

While working hard at renovating their large, white frame farm house, the Groves opened the Froebel Kindergarten, whose pupils were members of the Simcoe English Club. Enrollment increased so that by 1935 it included the “first form” (for children age six or seven), plus extra courses in oral French, nature study, home geography, and art. Meanwhile, Grove farmed his land and the family was basically self-sufficient. Grove was realizing his dream of being a gentleman farmer and literary man. However in 1939, because of poor health, he was forced to give up farming. As the Depression persisted, fewer and fewer parents could afford the expense of private school. Accordingly, the school became less selective and began accepting children with serious learning problems. Mrs. Grove was particularly gifted in working with slow learners, and this ability provided her with an income for many years.

But Grove’s health was failing. In April 1944 he suffered a crippling stroke that totally paralyzed his right side. However, his mind remained clear and he continued his reading and writing by dictation. Early in 1944 Pelham Edgar established a fund for the “Canadian Writers Foundation Inc.” and in March Grove was made one of its first three beneficiaries. He received a grant of $100 per month which continued until his death.

The last few years of his life were painful and difficult for Grove; nonetheless he continued to write. In March 1944 he published The Master of the Mill, and in 1946 published his autobiography, In Search of Myself, destined to win the 1947 Governor-General’s award for non-fiction. He also managed to complete the final draft of Consider Her Ways before his final seizure in May 1946.

For most of Grove’s last two years, having lost his speech, his needs were served not only by his wife but by his teenage son, Leonard. After his death on August 19, 1948, Grove’s body was buried beside his daughter Phyllis May, in Rapid City, Manitoba.
Frederick Philip Grove is a key figure in the history of Canadian literature. His outstanding literary achievements and contributions as a writer, teacher, critic, and philosopher are becoming increasingly recognized and appreciated. Much has been written of this man and much more will be written in the years to come because of the power of his writings, their enduring popularity, and because of his own life and personality.

William T. Metzger

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  • Personne

William T. Metzger is a pastor, spiritualist, and editor of "Spiritual Press" in Peterborough, Ontario. He worked in medical doctors' offices and in hospitals as a spiritual healer. William Metzger has collected material sent to him by William B. Payne (1915-1977), a writer, artist-cartoonist, and channeler, who under hypnosis through "automatic writing, drawing" communicated with spiritual world. This material was first published in the "Spiritual Press" (1975-76) and "Journal of Automatic Writing" (1974). William Payne died in 1977, and after his death, William T. Metzger published material in the book called "Winds of Doctrine: Pictures & News from Spirit" (1989) and dedicated this book to William B. Payne. The material was donated to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections in 2007.

Bradley Morrison

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  • Personne
  • 1925-2008

Bradley Morrison worked for the Ogilvie Flour Mills Company for 48 years and collected material relating to their operations. Marion E. Lyall, an employee of Ogilvie Mills, assembled the scrapbook in this fonds in 1903.

Suzanne Muir

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  • Personne
  • 1891-1997

Suzanne Muir was born in Glascow, Scotland on June 26, 1891. She was the eldest daughter and the second of five children of Matthew McLeod Muir and Sarah Muir (nee Frayer). Suzanne and her widowed mother emigrated to Canada in 1921 or 1922. A sister Emma Kathryn emigrated at a later date. Sarah Muir died in Winnipeg in January 1930.

Suzanne and her sister Kathryn sold the family home on Lindsay St. in 1932 and moved into Fairmont Apartments at 52 Edmonton. The sisters both worked as legal secretaries. Suzanne and Kathryn became active in the Spiritualist Church following the death of their mother. In 1937 they met the Reverend William Robertson Wood (1874-1947), a United Church minister. For ten years Reverend Wood and his wife Margaret Matilda Wood sat weekly at the Muir sisters' apartment in a rescue circle. The purpose of a rescue circle was to release earth bound spirits to leave the mortal realm. Suzanne was a bi-monthly lecturer at the Winnipeg Spiritualist Church/ Winnipeg Psychic Society from 1962-1990. In 1997, Suzanne Muir died at the age of 105.

Don Parker

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  • Personne
  • 1917-2003

Don Parker was born in 1917 in Sanford, Manitoba, where he was raised by his parents, James and Rae Parker. Don served in the Royal Canadian Air Force from January 1940 to 1945. After the war, he joined his brother Doug in farming near Sanford and they also joined their father as partners in an International Harvester Dealership, which later became Parker Brothers. In 1952, he married Bernice Olmstead who was the assistant principal of Sanford High School. Don served on the Sanford-Ferndale History Committee and was instrumental in writing and in collecting historical information for the book Sanford-Ferndale, 1871-1987, a historical account of the area published in 1989. Don and Bernice had two daughters: Debra, who was born in 1957 and Heather, who was born in 1959 but who died soon after her birth.

Bernard M. Rasch

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  • Personne
  • 1943-

Ontario architect Bernard M. Rasch obtained a Bachelor of Architecture degree from the University of Manitoba's School of Architecture in 1968. Following graduation, he relocated to the Toronto area and, since 1973, has been a partner in several firms. He most recently retired from Area Architects Rasch Eckler Associates Ltd. His career highlights include receiving the Canadian Architect Design Award in 1976, his first overseas work on a shopping centre in China in 1983, holding the position of the President of the Ontario Association of Architects in both 1983 and 2000, as well as publishing in many design journals, both Canadian and American. His firm, Area Architects Rasch Eckler Associates Ltd., received the City of Toronto Business Recognition Award in 1999. He has also been a long time donor to The Winnipeg Foundation. Throughout his life, Rasch collected books and other materials on UFO sightings, paranormal phenomena, and occult societies.

Olexander Koshetz Choir

  • Collectivité
  • ca. 1941 -

The Olexander Koshetz Choir traces its origins to the annual summer Higher Education Courses (HEC) sponsored in Winnipeg from 1941 through 1962 by the Ukrainian National Federation (UNF). In addition to Ukrainian language, literature, culture and history classes, the courses offered instruction in the art of choral singing and conducting. Initially the music program was directed by the renowned New York-based Ukrainian choir conductor and arranger Olexander Koshetz (Oleksander Koshyts’; 1875-1944), who had served as conductor and choirmaster of the Kyiv Opera during the Great War and led the Ukrainian Republican Capella (Ukrainian National Choir), on very successful tours of Europe and the Americas between 1919 and 1926. After his death in Winnipeg, in September 1944, Koshetz was succeeded by his widow Tetiana Koshetz (-1966), a voice teacher, and his local colleague and assistant, the musicologist Dr. Paul Macenko (Pavlo Matsenko; 1897-1991). Each year the courses concluded with a choral concert in which all of the students, conducted by Koshetz and/or Macenko, participated.

In 1946, a number of HEC participants and alumni, led by Halia Cham and encouraged by Tetiana Koshetz and Dr. Macenko, established the Winnipeg Ukrainian National Youth Federation (UNYF) Choir. The first permanent Ukrainian youth choir in the city, it received moral and financial support from the UNF’s Winnipeg and St. Boniface branches, doubled as “a school of Ukrainian culture,” and initiated the practice of touring Ukrainian rural communities and performing at local festivals. When the choir’s founder and first conductor Halia Cham moved to Eastern Canada in 1948, Dr. Macenko and Mrs. Koshetz led the choir until 1951. At that point Walter Klymkiw (1926-2000), who had immigrated to Canada as a child with his parents, attended the 1944 HEC, graduated from the University of British Columbia, and recently entered the teaching profession, became the choir’s conductor and musical director. He would lead the choir (which became known as the Ukrainian National Federation Choir in 1964, and officially changed its name to the O. Koshetz Memorial Choir in 1967) for the rest of his life. In the process, he made it one of Western Canada’s finest amateur choirs, the most prominent and representative Ukrainian choir in the country, and an important cultural bridge between Ukrainian Canadians and the land of their ancestors during and after the Cold War.

Among the many highlights in the history of the Olexander Koshetz Choir during its first 30 years, the following events stand out: the Choir’s first trip to the United States and successful performance in Minneapolis (1955); back-to-back victories in the choral competition at the Manitoba Music Festival (1961 and 1962); an invitation to perform at the Canadian National Exhibition in Toronto (1962); the first of many performances on the CBC radio and television networks (1962 and 1963); selection as pre-centennial musical ambassadors to Eastern Canada with performances at Moncton NB, Halifax NS and Montréal PQ (1966); an appearance as guests of the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra (WSO) under Victor Feldbril at one of the orchestra’s Pop Concerts, the first of many engagements with the WSO (1966); performances at Expo ’67 in Montreal where Walter Klymkiw first met Ukraine’s Veriovka Choir, directed by Anatoliy Avdievsky (1967); a Winnipeg concert with guest soloist Andrij Dobriansky of New York’s Metropolitan Opera Company (1969); a concert marking Manitoba’s centennial at the new Centennial Concert Hall also featuring the Rusalka Dancers and Roxolana Ruslak of Toronto’s Canadian Opera Company (1970); a performance in the WSO's 'Great Cultural Heritage' series (1975); 'The Ukrainian Gala Concert and Ballet' also featuring the Rusalka Dancers, the Royal Winnipeg Ballet and the WSO followed by the Dmytro Bortniansky 150th anniversary concert with the WSO (1977); and participation in the first of several Associated Choirs of Winnipeg concerts (1978).

In 1978, after Anatoli Avdievsky spent a month in Winnipeg conducting workshops, the choir embarked on its first tour of Soviet Ukraine (Kyiv, Lviv, Ternopil) which brought the works of Koshetz to the attention of the Soviet Ukrainian elite at a time when they were officially ignored by the regime. 1978 also marked the beginning of a period of intense activity that would last for almost two decades. Highlights during this period included the choir’s ‘Tribute to the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra’ concert as well as participation in the ‘Chorus 1000’ performance of Handel’s ‘Messiah’ with the WSO (1980); a second tour of Soviet Ukraine (Lviv, Ternopil, Kyiv) featuring Broadway star and recording artist Ed Evanko as guest soloist (1982); the ‘Family Christmas Fantasy’ concert with the WSO (1984); a tour of Ukrainian colonies in South America with concerts in Buenos Aires, Posadas and Apostoles, Argentina, Encarnacion, Paraguay, and Curitiba and Prudentopolis, Brazil (1985); the ‘Millennium of Ukrainian Christianity' concert tour of western Europe with performances in Paris, Rouen, Liseux, Vangenbourg and Strasbourg, France, Antwerp and Genk, Belgium, and Munich, Germany (1987); the ‘Project 1000/Celebration of Note’ concert in Winnipeg which marked the millennium of Ukrainian Christianity, and featured the WSO (directed by Virko Baley), Yuri Mazurkevich (violin), Nina Matvienko (soprano), John Martens (tenor) and the world premiere of Evhen Stankovych’s ‘When the Fern Blooms’ (1988); the National Millennium Celebration Concert at Ottawa’s National Arts Centre (1988); a guest performance on CBC’s popular ‘Hymn Sing’ television broadcast (1990); the choir’s third tour of Soviet Ukraine (Kyiv, Lviv, Ternopil) which featured a much broader repertoire of national and religious music and also included concerts in nearby Prague, Czechoslovakia, and Warsaw, Poland (1990); the choir’s 45th anniversary concert, banquet and reunion (1991); the world premiere of Evhen Stankovych’s ‘Black Elegy’ in a nationally broadcast concert with the WSO during the Canada-wide CBC ‘Festival of New Music’ (1992); the choir’s fourth tour of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ternopil, Lviv, Ivan-Frankivsk, Vinnytsia, Uzhorod) with performances in nearby Rybnytsia and Rashkiv, Moldova (1993); concerts in Winnipeg and Montreal marking the 50th Anniversary of Olexander Koshetz's death (1994); the Taras Shevchenko concert in Edmonton AB (1995); and the choir’s 50th anniversary concert featuring guest conductors Anatoli Avdievsky and Laurence Ewashko, as well as the WSO conducted by Bramwell Tovey (1996).

In 1992 the O. Koshetz Choir was awarded independent Ukraine’s prestigious Taras Shevchenko Ukrainian State Prize, becoming the first individual/organization from the Ukrainian diaspora to be so honoured. The choir and Walter Klymkiw were praised for propagating Ukraine’s musical heritage and for bridging the divide that had existed between Canada and Ukraine in the past. During the late 1990s, Klymkiw’s declining health obliged him to slowly curtail his activities with the choir. In 1999 the choir honoured his many years of service with a special tribute concert at which Anatoli Avdievsky, Laurence Ewashko and Henry Engbrecht spoke. In recent years the choir has been conducted by Walter Zulak (1998-1999), Roman Worobec and Corinne Villebrun (1999 – 2001), Tetyana Rodionova (2002-2006) and Miroslava Paches (2007-present).

Performing highlights since 1996 have included a concert of choral works by Mykola Leontovych and Paul Macenko featuring the University of Manitoba Singers and the Hoosli Male Folk Ensemble (1997); a performance at the International Society for Music Educators gathering in Edmonton (2000); participation in the ‘Bridges of Manitoba’ concert with the WSO (2003); participation in the Manitoba Choral Association’s ‘Diversity Sings!’ and ‘Manitoba Sings!’ festivals (2005 and 2010); a concert marking the 25th anniversary of the Centre for Ukrainian Canadian Studies at the University of Manitoba (2006); the choir’s 60th anniversary concert conducted by Laurence Ewashko and featuring a number of guest soloists including Andriana Chuchman and Irena Welhasch-Baerg (2006); the ‘Spring Celebration’ concert (2010); the choir’s 65th anniversary gala concert (2011); the ‘Celebrations of Winter’ concert (2012); the ‘Call of the Bells’ concert (2013); and participation in the annual ‘Festival of Ukrainian Carols’.

Yurkiwsky, Michael

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  • Personne
  • 1916-1983

Michael (Mykhailo) Yurkiwsky was born in Yellow Creek, Saskatchewan on 28 December 1916 to parents who had emigrated from western Ukraine (then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire). He received his elementary education in Meacham and his secondary education in Hafford, Saskatchewan, graduating in 1934. One of his high school teachers was Elias Shklanka (Illia Shklianka), a graduate of the University of Saskatchewan and the University of Chicago, and the author of several Ukrainian-language readers and grammar textbooks. After several years of work on his father’s farm, Yurkiwsky, who suffered from spinal ailments, moved to Ontario in 1939, finding factory employment in Preston, Galt and Toronto. On 8 August 1942, shortly before moving from Preston to Toronto, Yurkiwsky married Stephania Stefin. The couple would raise three children: Stephan, Dennis, and Orasia. In 1943-1944 Yurkiwsky received pastoral training as an external student of the Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada (UGOCC) seminary (located in Winnipeg) and was ordained into that Church’s priesthood on 8 October 1944. For the next 25 years Yurkiwsky served as pastor of UGOCC parishes/congregations in Hamilton, Waterford, Grimsby and Preston, Ontario (1944-1945); in the environs of Winnipeg, where he also served as secretary of the UGOCC’s Consistory (1945-1948); in Fort Frances, Rainy River, and Atikokan, Ontario (1948-1951); in Fort William and West Fort William (currently Thunder Bay), Ontario (1951-1954); in Winnipeg again, where he served as pastor of the Holy Trinity Cathedral (1954-1965); and finally, in Edmonton, Alberta, where he was pastor of St. Andrew’s church (1965-1969).

In the summer of 1969 Yurkiwsky applied for a short-term leave from his pastoral duties in order to continue his education. In 1971, having majored in History and Religious Studies, he earned a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree with Distinction from the University of Alberta, and was awarded a Bachelor of Divinity (B.D.) degree, on the basis of his previous pastoral studies and his recently completed university studies, by the UGOCC’s St. Andrew’s College in Winnipeg. In 1973, after pursuing his interests in Biblical Studies, the History of Christianity, and Philosophy at McGill University’s Department of Religious Studies, Yurkiwsky earned a Master of Arts (M.A.) in Religious Studies from that university. In the fall of 1973 he was appointed to the Faculty of Theology at St. Andrew’s College in Winnipeg, where he taught courses on Church History, Biblical History, Old and New Testament, Ethics, Liturgics and Dogmatics until the summer of 1982. In 1974-75 he served as assistant principal and from 1976 through 1978 as principal of St. Andrew’s College. On several occasions he also lectured on Eastern Christianity in the University of Manitoba’s Department of Religious Studies. In September 1982 Yurkiwsky resigned from the Faculty of Theology at St. Andrew’s College because, having reached the age of 65, he was asked to accept a part-time appointment at a lower salary. Less than one year later, on 29 August 1983, Yurkiwsky died. Funeral services were held at Winnipeg’s Holy Trinity Cathedral and he was buried in the Orthodox section of Glen Eden Cemetery.

John Hirsch

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  • Personne
  • 1949-1973

John Hirsch was born in Hungary in 1930. He came to Canada in 1947 at age 17 through the War Orphans Project of the Canadian Jewish Congress. This project worked with children under 18 who had survived the Holocaust but no longer had an adult to act as guardian. He was taken in by Alex and Pauline Shack, and their daughter Sybil, in Winnipeg and continued a close relationship with the family throughout his life.

In 1952, Hirsch graduated with a BA in English literature from the University of Manitoba. He established a puppet theatre before co-founding Theatre 77 with Tom Hendry in 1957. In 1958, Hirsch and Hendry amalgamated Theatre 77 with Winnipeg Little Theatre into the Manitoba Theatre Centre (MTC). This theatre became the model for regional theatre through Canada and the United States. Hirsch was the first artistic director of MTC and stayed until 1966 when he then became co-artistic director at the Stratford Festival from 1967-1969. From 1974-1978, he was head of CBC’s television drama. Hirsch was consulting artistic director at the Seattle Repertory Theatre from 1979-1981. He returned to the Stratford Festival as artistic director from 1981-1985.

Hirsch is recognized as one of Canada’s most prominent theatre directors. He was awarded the Order of Canada in 1967. He also received Obie, Outer Circle Critics' and Los Angeles Drama Critics' Circle Awards for his productions in the United States. The John Hirsch Award for Most Promising Manitoba Writer was established by the Manitoba Foundation for the Arts in 1989 to honour him.

Hirsch died on August 1, 1989 in Toronto after being ill with AIDS.

William H. McEwen

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  • Personne
  • 1902-

William Harvard McEwen was born on February 7, 1902 in Owen Sound, Ontario. He received a B.Sc. from the University of Saskatchewan in 1921 and obtained an M.Sc. the following year. He furthered his education by receiving an M.A. in 1924 and Ph.D. in 1930 from the University of Minnesota.

He taught at Regina College from 1925-1929. In 1930 he joined Mount Allison University as an assistant professor of Mathematics, and by 1933 he was a full professor and head of the department. He came to the University of Manitoba in the fall of 1946 as head of the Mathematics Department. In 1949 he was named the first Dean of Graduate Studies and he held this position until 1964. Upon his retirement, Dr. McEwen was made a Professor Emeritus in 1967.

Post Family

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  • Famille
  • 1903-1958, 1974

Stephen Elesworth Post was born on February 24, 1878 in West Bend Iowa, U.S.A. In June 1880, he immigrated to Canada with his parents and settled at Woodmore, Manitoba. He lived and worked with his parents until 1898. He then moved to a homestead near Overstone, Manitoba where he farmed for five years. On November 3, 1903, Stephen Post bought the N.W. quarter 9-3-4 in the R.M. of Franklin (near Dominion City). He moved to the farm on this property in 1904, where he resided until his death.

On March 10, 1908, Stephen Post married Orythia Myrtle Post (maiden name unknown), who was born at Greenridge, Manitoba on May 22, 1887. They had two children: C. Myrtle Post, born on January 25, 1909, and Elesworth F. Post, born on May 18, 1910. Both children worked on the farm with their parents. Stephen Post died on February 19, 1954. Orythia Post died on November 6, 1963. C. Myrtle Post died on September 17, 1983. Elesworth F. Post died in 1998.

Faye Settler

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  • Personne
  • 1916-2004

Faye Settler was born on December 13, 1916 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Growing up, she lived in Southey, Saskatchewan, Plum Coulee and Teulon, Manitoba, but moved back to Winnipeg with her family in 1928. Settler completed her formal education at St. John’s Technical High School. She married Bert Settler in 1938. In 1948, Faye Settler and her mother Maggie Brownstone opened a small antique store named the Curiosity Shop in their neighbourhood. By the mid-1950s they moved the Curiosity Shop to 313 Smith Street in downtown Winnipeg. The Upstairs Gallery opened in 1966 as an extension of the Curiosity Shop and exhibited the work of the Group of Seven and their contemporaries. Shortly after its opening, the Upstairs Gallery introduced a regular schedule of exhibitions by both local and national contemporary artists. In 1967, the Curiosity Shop became a Charter Member of the Canadian Antique Dealers Association, and in 1971, Upstairs Gallery was invited to join the Professional Art Dealers Association of Canada (now the Art Dealers Association of Canada.) As a result of the success and growth of both the Upstairs Gallery and the Curiosity Shop, Settler relocated to a larger space at 266 Edmonton Street. Stemming from Faye Settler’s interest in Inuit art, the Upstairs Gallery became well-known for its Inuit sculpture and tapestry exhibitions and Settler’s unique and personal relationship with Baker Lake artists. In 2001, Faye Settler made a gift to the Winnipeg Art Gallery of the Faye and Bert Settler Inuit Collection. In 2003, Settler received the Manitoba Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Lifetime Achievement Award as well as the Art Dealers Association of Canada Award for Lifetime Achievement. Faye Settler passed away on January 21, 2004. The Upstairs Gallery closed on March 1, 2005.

Havens, Betty

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  • Personne
  • 1936-2005

Betty Havens was born October 9, 1936. She obtained a B.A. from Milwaukee-Downer College in 1958 and an M.A. in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin in 1965. From 1972 to 1982, she served in the position of Research Director with Manitoba Health. She initiated the Manitoba Longitudinal Study of Aging in 1971 that is still being used by researchers today. From 1982 until 1994, Havens acted as Provincial Gerontologist for Manitoba Health. From 1990 until 1994, she was Assistant Deputy Minister for Manitoba Health. In 1992, Havens was Associate Professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba. From 1992 until her death in 2005, Havens was Research Associate for the Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, University of Manitoba. Concurrently, she was Professional Associate, Centre on Aging. In 1994, Havens became Professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba, a position she held until her death in 2005. Havens wrote numerous articles throughout her career and was the recipient of several awards and distinctions including the YWCA Professional Woman of the Year. In 1994, she received a D.Litt. from the University of Waterloo. In 1997, she was made a senior scholar at the University of Manitoba and in 2005 she was the recipient of the Order of Canada. Havens died March 1, 2005.

Keystone Agricultural Producers

  • kap
  • Collectivité
  • 1984-

Keystone Agricultural Producers is a democratically controlled farm lobby organization which represents and promotes the interests of agriculture and agricultural producers in Manitoba. It is a grassroots organization wholly run and funded by its members, with all policy set by producers throughout Manitoba. KAP has standing policies on a variety of issues including Safety Net Programs, Western Grain Marketing, Land and Resource Use, Taxation, Environment and Sustainability, Livestock Manure Management Strategy, Farm Labour, Health and Safety, Affiliations, Farm Inputs and Finance, Transportation, Government Services, Property Rights and Wildlife Resources and Trade. Policy is set by delegates and directors elected from individual and group members. Close to twenty committees, comprised of members and the President (ex officio), research a number of issues and report back to the executive and the General Council. Both the elected executive and management are responsible for implementing policy in the best interests of the members. Its mission is to be Manitoba's most effective, democratic policy voice, while promoting the social, physical and cultural well being of all agricultural producers.

L'Ami, C. E. (Charles Ernest)

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  • Personne
  • 1896-1981

Charles Ernest L'Ami (L'Amie) was born in Ireland in 1896. His family immigrated to Canada in 1907 and settled in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Charles L'Ami attended the Saskatoon Collegiate Institute and, after serving in the Canadian Army during World War I, assumed a position with the Saskatoon Star, thereby beginning his career in journalism. Between 1922 and 1938, he worked for the Winnipeg Tribune, Winnipeg Free Press, Border City Star (Ontario), and Winnipeg Mirror. In 1938, he joined the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation as press representative for the prairie region and editor of CBC Times. In 1954, he was promoted to the position of supervisor of information services. After retirement in 1961, he produced the radio program "Neighbourly News from the Prairies." From 1962 to 1977, L'Ami continued to submit radio scripts. In 1952, his novel The Green Madonna won the Westminster Prize for fiction. He lectured on journalism and creative writing at the University of Manitoba Evening Institute from 1945 to 1951.

Barz, Sandra

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  • Personne
  • 1930-

Born in Chicago in 1930, Sandra Barz completed her education at Skidmore College graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in 1952. She began her career in publishing and later became interested in Inuit art after purchasing a few pieces while visiting Canada. Thereafter she began to research and compile information relating to Inuit prints from Arctic Quebec/Puvirnituq, Baker Lake, Cape Dorset, Clyde River, Holman Island, and Pangnirtung. Her first exploration in this field involved developing, editing, and publishing 28 issues of Arts and Culture of the North from 1976 to 1984. She followed this work with a series of three volumes titled Inuit Artists Print Workbook, Volumes I, II, and III. The volumes catalogue over 8,000 Inuit print images dating from 1957 to the present, produced in the aforementioned communities, as well as prints produced independently of the Arctic co-operative system.

Barz developed her knowledge of printmaking and Inuit culture by making numerous trips to the Canadian Arctic, Alaska, Greenland, and Siberia over a thirty year period. By organizing tours to the Arctic, Sandra Barz connected participants with artists and printmakers and helped expand their appreciation for northern culture and the environment. To further connect art dealers, scholars, curators, and Inuit art enthusiasts, Barz coordinated and sponsored six Eskimo-(and Inuit Art) in-Art Conferences held in the United States and Canada. These venues included Toronto (Art Gallery of Ontario), Ottawa (National Museum of Man (currently Canadian Museum of Civilzation)), Winnipeg (Winnipeg Art Gallery), Washington, DC (The Smithsonian Institution), Chicago (The Field Museum), and Cape Dorset (West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative Limited).

Barz's papers detail over forty years of dedication to documenting Inuit artist biographies, the evolution of printmaking, and encouraging growing interest for Inuit art worldwide. She also documents the recognition given by governments to Indigenous art and culture with her collection of stamps from Europe, Greenland, United States, and Canada.

Kathleen Rice

  • rice_k
  • Personne
  • 1883-1964

Kathleen Rice was born in St. Marys, Ontario, in 1883, to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Lincoln Rice. She graduated from the University of Toronto in 1906 and began a career as a math teacher. She taught in Belleville, Ontario before moving to western Canada. Once in the west, she taught mathematics in Alberta and Yorkton, Saskatchewan.

In 1913, Kathleen and her brother, Lincoln, decided to stake a homestead near The Pas, Manitoba. Shortly thereafter, war broke out and Lincoln, who later became a Lieutenant Colonel, joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Kathleen decided to stay on the homestead alone. After teaching herself about geology and prospecting, she headed to the Herb Lake area north of The Pas. She claimed an island - later called Rice Island - in Weksusko Lake, which turned out to be very rich in copper and nickel.
While it is rumoured that Rice and her business partner, Richard (Dick) Woosey, turned down $250,000 for their property, she eventually sold it to International Nickel (INCO) for approximately $20,000.

Kathleen Rice occasionally returned to Ontario to visit her family, but the majority of her adult life was spent in Northern Manitoba. She died in Brandon in 1964.

Milliken, Lorene Francis

  • milliken_l
  • Personne
  • 1907-1990

Lorene Francis Milliken was born July 16, 1907 in Humbolt, Saskatchewan, as Lorene Francis Ritz. Her parents were Otto Ritz and Emma Walker Dawes. She moved to Winnipeg in 1915 and graduated with a B.A. from the University of Manitoba in 1928. She then taught in rural schools in Manitoba and worked as a secretary-librarian for the Winnipeg Normal School. In 1932, she married David Milliken and they had two sons, William Dawes and David Erskine.

She began writing, and during the 1950's came out with some chapbooks for publication, as well as a novel. She used the pen-name Sylvia Dawson from time to time, and published a series of chapbooks. They are; "My Soul Sings", "White Orchids", "A Morning Mood-", "Manitoba Landscape", and "Princess of Aune". As well, she published two books of prose pieces, "New Poems and Prose Pieces". and "Interludes", and a novel, entitled The Street of the Red Coat.

Lorene Francis Milliken maintained membership in the Women's Canadian Club, Women's Musical Club, the Inner Wheel club, the University Women's Club, -United College Women's Auxiliary, St. Andrew's United Church, the Winnipeg Poetry Society, and the Canadian Authors Association. Mrs. Milliken was involved with the Women's Auxiliary to the Shriner's Hospital, and the Women's Committee of the Winnipeg Art Gallery. She died on April 14, 1990 in Winnipeg.

Chronology of Important Dates

1907 Born Humbolt Saskatchewan, Lorene Francis Ritz
1915 Moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba
1928 Bachelor of Arts, University of Manitoba
1932 Married David Milliken
1952 Published first chapbook, "White Orchids"
1953 Published "A Morning Mood"
1955 Published "My Soul Sings"
1956 Published "Princess of Aune"
1957 Published "Interludes", a book of Prose.
1958 Published "New Poems and Prose Pieces"
1958 Published first and only novel, The Street of the Red Coat

Holt, Simma

  • holt_s
  • Personne
  • 1922-2015

Simma Holt (née Milner) was born March 27, 1922 in Vegreville, Alberta. She attended the University of Manitoba from 1941-1944, graduating with majors in English and Psychology.
During her time at the University, she was the first female managing editor of the student newspaper The Manitoban and was also a university reporter for the Winnipeg Free Press. Upon graduation in 1944, she began working as a teletype operator and reporter for the Canadian Press in Calgary. In the autumn of 1944, at age twenty-two, she began her thirty-year journalism career with the Vancouver Sun.

She married Leon Holt, a freelance photographer and later high school teacher in 1949. They were married for thirty-seven years, until his death in 1985.

In 1974, Simma Holt left the Vancouver Sun to successfully run as the Liberal member of Parliament for Vancouver-Kingsway. Holt was the first Jewish woman in Canadian history to be elected to Parliament. She sat for one term losing her seat in 1979. During her time in Parliament, she was Vice-Chair of the Standing Committee on Justice and a member of its subcommittee on the Penitentiary System. She was also a member of several Standing Committees: Broadcasting, Films and Assistance to the Arts; Privileges and Elections; Labour, Manpower and Immigration; National Resources and Public Works; Procedure and Organization; Transport and Communications; Finance, Trade and Economic Affairs; and Health, Welfare and Social Affairs.

In 1976, while still an MP, she became an occasional columnist for the Toronto Sun. Holt became a columnist for Ottawa Sun and Vancouver Business. She also was a freelance writer for Reader's Digest, Maclean’s, Fairlady in South Africa, Chatelaine and other magazines. Holt wrote four books: Terror in the Name of God: The Story of the Sons of Freedom (1965), Sex and the Teen Age Revolution (1967), The Devil's Butler (1971), The Other Mrs. Diefenbaker (1983), and Memoirs of a Loose Cannon (2008).

From 1981 to 1985, Holt was a member of the National Parole Board. She also acted as a researcher and writer in the presidential campaign of George Bush from 1987 to 1988, although later quit as she did not agree with Republican politics.

Holt was the recipient of numerous awards. In 1964 she was named Women of the Year for Canada in Arts and Letters for her book Terror in the Name of God. She was awarded, in 1969, the Jubilee Award by the University of Manitoba Alumni Association in recognition of her “distinguished achievement” in the 25 years since her graduation. The following year she won the Bowater Award of Merit in the sociological division for her series of articles on changing morality and sociological upheaval of teenagers. In 1985, she was a nominee for the Vancouver YWCA Women of Distinction award. She was inducted into the Canadian Newspaper Hall of Fame in 1996 and that same year she also was appointed a member of the Order of Canada. Her Order of Canada citation included the recognition that “she has demonstrated a lifetime commitment to assisting those suffering from injustice, persecution and poverty. Her perceptive and impassioned writings have contributed to positive social change by raising public awareness of injustices in society.” In 2002, she received a Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal for her contribution to public life.

Simma Holt passed away in Burnaby, BC on January 23, 2015.

Pentland, H. Clare

  • pentland_hc
  • Personne
  • 1914-1981

(abbreviated from the "Introduction" to Paul Phillips' edition of Pentland's Labour and Capital in Canada 1650-1860 )

Clare Pentland was born October 17, 1914, on a farm near Justice, Manitoba, a town some ten miles north-east of Brandon. His father was a farmer, later a trucker, his mother a school teacher. The Pentland family, however, were not recent immigrants to Canada. Clare's great-great-grandfather, an Ulster-Scot hand-loom weaver, emigrated to Canada from County Down, Ireland in 1821, settling first at Amherst Island, near Kingston, Ontario, where he practiced the dual vocations of farmer and weaver. His son, John, continued the agrarian-artisan tradition, becoming a carpenter . . . In 1843, the family moved to homestead in the Huron Tract, eight miles north of Goderich.

John's son (Clare's grandfather), Thomas, continued the westward move to the frontier, homesteading near Justice in 1881 where he combined farming with blacksmithing. This was the limit of the westward movement. The Pentland family became well established in the Elton municipality around Justice, and a Pentland has been reeve of the area for a good part of its political history. It was there that Clare's father grain-farmed and began his trucking business. While Clare was still a child, his family moved to Brandon to develop the business, largely in shipping cattle to the packers.

Clare grew up in Brandon, graduating from the Collegiate in 1931 and the Brandon Normal School in 1933. This was followed by three years of teaching in small country school houses at Whirlpool, a soldier settlement area near Clear. Lake, and at Ericson . . . He returned to university in 1936 and four years later, in 1940, graduated with a B.A. in Economics from Brandon College. . . While he attended university, he worked as an attendant at the Brandon Mental Hospital . . . It was also at the hospital that he met a young nurse Harriet Brook, who was later to become his wife. The following summer found him working as a brakeman on the CPR running between Brandon and Broadview. . .

The outbreak of war did not immediately interrupt Pentland's renewed educational program. From 1940 to 1942, he attended the University of Oregon where he obtained his Master's . . .

Almost immediately after completing his thesis in the early summer of 1942, Pentland enlisted in the Army and while undergoing training in British Columbia married Harriet in the fall of 1942 in Vancouver. After officer training near Victoria and artillery training at Brandon and Brockville, he went overseas in February of 1944 where he was transferred to the infantry as an education officer. He returned to Canada and to university, this time in Toronto, in the spring of 1946, under the Veterans Assistance Program and by 1948 completed all the requirements but the thesis for his Ph.D.. . He lectured briefly at Toronto, from 1947-1949, before returning to his native province as Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Manitoba in 1949. He remained at Manitoba for the remainder of his career. . . Finally. . the thesis was presented and defended late in 1960 and the degree conferred in 1961 . . .

In 1962-63, Pentland spent a sabbatical in Cambridge, England. Again in 1969-1970, he spent a sabbatical in England, this time at the University of Sussex working on parish population studies. Unfortunately, failing health prevented him from completing this work and further refining and developing the ideas introduced in his 1965 paper to the Third International Conference on Economic History in Munich.

Despite his pursuit of historical demography in the 1960's Pentland was also able to research and write his second major and influential unpublished manuscript, "A Study of the Changing Social, Economic, and Political Background of the Canadian System of Industrial Relations", commissioned by the federally-appointed Task Force on Labour Relations . . .
The 1960's were intensely productive years for Pentland. In addition to his population research and Task Force report, he also pursued his interest in technological change, producing three major reports for both provincial and federal agencies on skills, training and technological change plus a number of lesser reviews on related issues.

Unfortunately, this level of intellectual activity could not be maintained. Heart problems plagued the last ten years of his life, robbing him of his stamina, a terrible frustration for a man so dedicated to his teaching and his work. Yet despite this he shouldered a heavy administrative load in university affairs, as a member of Senate from 1963 to 1966 and again from 1969 to 1976, and as a member of the Board of Governors representing the Senate from 1973 to 1976. He also served on numerous university and Faculty Association committees as well as continuing to teach, write and research. Two articles (published posthumously) and two reviews were the primary academic output of the 1970's before his premature death on October 13, 1978.

Chronology of Important Dates
1914 Harry Clare Pentland born October 17 to Mr. and Mrs. H.M. Pentland, near Justice, Manitoba
1931 Graduated from Brandon Collegiate Institute
1933 Graduated from Brandon Normal School 1933-36 Taught in rural Manitoba
1940 B.A., Brandon College, University of Manitoba
1942 M.A., University of Oregon; married Harriet Brook by whom he had three sons: David, Don, John
1942-46 Canadian Army
1946-49 Doctoral studies and teaching, University of Toronto
1949-78 Dept. of Economics, University of Manitoba
1961 Ph.D., University of Toronto
1961-62 "A Study of Labour Skills in Reference to Manitoba's Economic Future" for the Committee on Manitoba's Economic Future. Unpublished.
1962-63 Sabbatical leave, University of Cambridge
1963-65 President, Manitoba Historical Society
1965 "Population and Labour Supply in Britain in the Eighteen Century": paper presented to the third International Conference of Economic History, Munich
1965 "Implication of Automation for the Employment and Training of White Collar Workers in Manitoba", for the Manitoba Economic Consultative Board. Unpublished
1967-68 "A Study of the Changing Social, Economic and Political Background of the Canadian System of Industrial Relations", for the Task Force on Labour Relations. Unpublished
1968-69 "Human Adjustment to Technological Change: The Case of the Manitoba Rolling Mills.:`, for the Dept. of Manpower and Immigration. Unpublished
1969-70 Sabbatical leave, University of Sussex
1978 Died 13 October, at Winnipeg
1981 Labour and Capital in Canada 1650-1860: published version of doctoral thesis

Tim Sale

  • sale_t
  • Personne
  • 1942-

Tim Sale was born February 5, 1942 in Goderich, Ontario. He attended the University of Toronto where he received Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Theology degrees. He is an ordained Anglican Minister. Following graduation he moved to Winnipeg, where he joined the ministry at St. Paul's Anglican Church. Sale also served as a school trustee for Fort Garry from 1971-1977. He was CEO of Winnipeg's Social Planning Council from 1976-1985. He taught in the Department of Economics and in the Faculty of Continuing Education at the University of Manitoba in the early 1990s.

Sale also had a long political career. He was assistant deputy minister of Education from 1987-1989. He ran for the NDP in 1992 but did not gain a seat until 1995. He became Minister of Family Services and Housing when re-elected in 1999. He retired from politics in 2007 after holding a number of ministerial positions throughout his career.

Glass, Helen

  • glass_h
  • Personne
  • 1917-2015

HELEN PRESTON GLASS, B.Sc.N., M.A., M.Ed., & Ed.D., (Columbia), LL.D. (Hon. Causa, Memorial), LL.D. (Hon. Causa, Western)

Born in Regina, Saskatchewan in 1917, and educated in Saskatchewan schools until the end of grade twelve, Dr. Helen Preston Glass began her university education at the University of Saskatchewan’s School of Home Economics. After one successful year there, she decided instead to pursue a career in nursing, and completed a three-year degree program at the Royal Victoria Hospital School of Nursing in Montréal, Québec in 1939. She then stayed on at that facility as a supervisor in the Anaesthetic Department, and subsequently moved on to many other nursing positions in general hospitals in Dunnville, Ontario; Abbotsford, British Columbia; and Prince Albert, Saskatchewan between 1941 and 1945. From 1952 to 1953, Dr. Glass worked as a clinic nurse in an obstetric clinic in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Dr. Glass began her career teaching nursing at the Holy Family School of Nursing, in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, from 1953 to 1955. Here, she taught courses in foundations, issues and trends in nursing at both undergraduate and graduate levels, and developed and taught a new clinical teaching program. She then moved on to Victoria General Hospital, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, where she taught both basic sciences and clinical nursing courses. She earned a Certificate in Teaching and Supervision from the University of Manitoba in 1958, and furthered this pursuit at Columbia University Teacher’s College, completing a Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 1960 and a Master of Arts in 1961. She then became the first person to assume the position of Education Secretary for the Manitoba Association of Registered Nurses (MARN). As such, she was responsible for planning and conducting workshops and providing consultation to Schools of Nursing. Glass acted as liaison with other health disciplines in Manitoba, and as secretary to the various committees associated with MARN. She was also instrumental in creating the Manitoba Nursing Research Institute (now the Manitoba Centre for Nursing and Health Research).

In 1962, she joined the Faculty of the University of Manitoba School of Nursing, teaching programs for both new students and registered nurses. She was primarily responsible for the design and implementation of introductory and third year level courses for the first four-year baccalaureate nursing program which began in 1963. After completing her Master of Education in 1970, and Doctor of Education (Nursing) in 1971, again at Columbia University, Dr. Glass returned to the Faculty, and in 1972 became full professor and Director of the School of Nursing. She received honorary Doctor of Law degrees from Memorial University in 1983, the University of Western Ontario in 1986, St. Francis Xavier University in 1991, and the University of Montreal in 1993, and an honorary Doctor of Science degree from McGill University in 1995.

Dr. Glass has been the recipient of a number of awards honouring her achievements in both nursing and education. Upon her graduation from the Royal Victoria Hospital School of Nursing in 1939, she received the award for Proficiency in Bedside Nursing. She was awarded the Dr. Katherine E. McLaggen Fellowship Award from the Canadian Nurses’ Foundation for both 1968/69 and 1969/70, and the Marion Woodward Award and Lecture from the University of British Columbia in 1974, and the Queen’s Silver Jubilee Medal in appreciation of exemplary service in 1977. She was named one of 1979's Women of the Year by the YWCA. She was also awarded the R. Louise McManus Medal from the Nursing Education Alumni Association of Teachers’ College, Columbia University, and the Jeanne Mance Award of the Canadian Nurses’ Association in 1992. In 1993 she was given the Special Achievement Award by MARN, among many other honours.

Dr. Glass has been both member and chair of several professional associations and committees, at the university, provincial, national, and international levels. Examples include membership in the Council of the Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing (CAUSN), the National Nursing Committee of the Canadian Red Cross Society, the Board of Directors of the Big Sister Association of Winnipeg and the University of Manitoba Senate Executive Committee. She has served on the Manitoba Association of Registered Nurses Social Policy Committee, and the YW/YMCA Board of Directors and the Manitoba Health Research Council.

Dr. Glass has also been an invited member of the Task Force on Euthanasia and Definition of Death, Law Reform Committee of Canada, and was a member of the Review Board for the National Health Grants Directorate. She has consulted on health care proposals and nursing education programs within Canada, and has helped develop submissions to the Advisory Council on the Status of Women, the Hall Commission, and the Canada Health Act. She has been President of MARN, President and member of the Canadian Nurses’ Association (CNA) Board of Directors, and a member of the Canadian Nurses’ Foundation (CNF) Board of Directors. She was active in the Canadian Conference University Schools of Nursing, and served on the Canadian Delegation to the World Health Assembly in 1983 and again in 1985.

Politically, she was very active in educating nurses across Canada and enlisting their support to successfully introduce health care amendments to the Canada Health Act, which went through 1982 to 1984, while Dr. Glass was president of the CNA. She has also been active in the Canadian Health Care Economics Association, and presented the first paper by a Canadian nurse on “Economics of Nursing: Cost Effective Strategies,” to the Second Canadian Conference.

Following Dr. Glass’s retirement from the faculty of nursing at the University of Manitoba in 1986, the Canadian Nurses Foundation established the Doctor Helen Preston Glass Fellowship for Doctorate Study, awarded annually to a student pursuing their graduate degree in nursing.

In 1988, Dr. Glass was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and received the Order of Manitoba in 2008. In 1995, she was given a honourary life membership in the Canadian Public Health Association, in recognition of outstanding services in the promotion of public health. In 1989, after her retirement from the University of Manitoba, Glass was named Professor Emerita. 1999, the University of Manitoba honoured Dr. Glass by naming their new nursing building after her. Her Royal Highness, Princess Anne, dedicated the building during her visit for the 1999 Pan American games. In 2013, Glass was presented with the Centennial Ward from the College of Registered Nurses of Manitoba.

Dr. Glass published widely on nursing and health care in professional journals in Canada and the United States, and internationally in French, English, and Danish. Dr. Helen Glass passed away on February 14, 2015.

John L. Hamerton

  • hamerton_j
  • Personne
  • 1929-2006

John Laurence Hamerton was born September 23, 1929 in Hove, England. He received his B.Sc. from the University of London in 1951. He worked on the Science Staff of the Medical Research Council (MRC) Radiobiology Research Unit from 1951-1956. He was the Senior Science Officer for the British Royal Museum from 1956-1959. He worked on the British Empire Cancer Campaign at the University of London from 1959-1960. He was lecturer and head of the Cytogenetics Section of Guy's Hospital Medical School from 1962-1969. While at Guy's he collaborated on studies that helped pave the way for the first bone marrow transplants. He completed his D.Sc. from the University of London in 1968.

Hamerton came to Winnipeg in 1969 to create the Winnipeg Children's Hospital's first human genetics department. He established an international reputation as a researcher, making major contributions in prenatal diagnosis, cytogenetics and ethical issues relating to the Human Genome Project. He was a founding member and former President of the Canadian College of Medical Geneticists. He was the former President of American Society of Human Geneticists and the Genetics Society of Canada. Upon his retirement from the University of Manitoba, he was named Distinguished Professor Emeritius in 1997. That same year he became a member of the Royal Society of Canada. In 2003 he was named an Officer of the Order of Canada. Dr. Hamerton died on February 9, 2006.

Reeve, Gordon

  • Gordon_Reeve
  • Personne
  • 1946-

Gordon Reeve was born in Chatham, Ontario in 1946, to Bert Reeve and Audrey (Burrell) Reeve. He received a Bachelor of Fine Arts (1971) from Cranbrook Academy of Art and a Master of Fine Arts (1973) from the Rhode Island School of Design. Reeve moved to Winnipeg and began lecturing at the University of Manitoba in 1976, where he served as a professor and Sculpture Chair at the School of Art until 2013. He specializes in public sculpture and sculpture in the urban environment.

Reeve’s first commissioned sculpture was "One Edgel Road," a 1500-lb, 20’ bronze fountain erected in Framingham, Massachusetts, in 1972. He sculpts using a variety of materials, including wood, blown and cast glass, marble, concrete, onyx, stainless steel, bronze, and granite, and many of his works incorporate kinetic, light, digital, or buoyant elements. His sculptures have appeared across the United States, Italy, and Canada. He is the creator of "Drumlin" (1977, Winnipeg Art Gallery), "Justice" (1985, Manitoba Provincial Court), "Les Mefagerriques" (2007, Ottawa), and "Agassiz Ice" (2008, Assiniboine Park, Winnipeg), among others.

In 1987, Reeve began his career as a filmmaker with "Harvest – The Tradition," a 13-part series. He directed nineteen more films between 1987 and 2002. Many of his early films are records of art exhibitions of artists such as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Vladimir Baranoff Rossine, Marcel Duchamp, Otto Dix, Wassily Kandinsky, Antoine Bourdelle, Ossip Zadkine, Auguste Rodin, Constantin Brancusi, and Ivan Eyre. These include "A Language to be Seen" (1987), "The Father He Never Knew" (1987), "Statues That Will Sing" (1987), "Enigma" (parts one and two, 1987)," I Must Paint What I See" (1987), "Future Imperfect" (1988), "The Music of Colour" (1988), "In Hidden Gardens" (1988), "Brancusi Miastra" (1988), and "I Am the Hornblower" (1988).

In 1988, Reeve directed his first feature-length documentary, "The Will to Win (La rage de vaincre)," about Canadian architect Carlos Ott, who won the bid to design L’Opera Bastille in Paris. The documentary, shot on 16-mm film in Monaco, Paris, Venice, Montevideo, Verona, New York, and Toronto, features Luciano Pavarotti, Barbara Hendricks, and Theresa Berganza, as well as Formula 1 drivers Alain Prost and Ayrton Senna. The accession contains archival footage filmed in La Fenice, Venice, and The Arena, Verona.

In 1990, Reeve produced, wrote, and directed "Moment of Light – The Dance of Evelyn Hart," his second feature-length documentary, co-produced with the National Film Board of Canada. The film follows renowned Winnipeg ballet dancer Evelyn Hart as she rehearses and performs across Winnipeg, Munich, and Paris. The film received a number of awards, including the Red Ribbon Award at the American Film and Video Festival, the Silver Plaque at the Chicago International Film Festival, the Bronze Apple at the National Educational Film and Video Festival, and the Bronze Plaque at the Columbus International Film and Video Festival. The accession contains archival footage filmed in Palais Garnier and La Scala, Milano.

Other films in Reeve’s filmography include "Walks Fast Woman" (1992-1993), "Blue Salute" (1997-1998), "Right to No" (1996-1998), and "Harawi – Olivier Messaien" (2002).

Reeve has been involved in many art initiatives in Winnipeg. Every year between 1992 and 2007, he organized THE BURNING, a collaborative class sculpture project which involved the creation of a six-to-twelve-foot high combustible sculpture. The event attracted hundreds of viewers.

In 2009, he requested inclusion of sculpture in the BMO 1st Art! Invitational Student Art Competition, the only art competition across Canada at the post-secondary level, which prior to that time had featured only two-dimensional art. His request was successful; the following year, both the national and provincial winners were graduating students from Reeve’s class.

Reeve also initiated Art on the Avenue, a $120,000 collaboration with the Winnipeg Downtown Biz to fund twenty sculpture students to create large-scale sculpture works on Portage Avenue in downtown Winnipeg. This project led to the creation of the Collaboration to Promote Art and Music, jointly funded by the University of Manitoba and University of Manitoba Student Union, which is ongoing.

Reeve received the Student’s Teacher Recognition Award/Certificate of Teaching Excellence from the University of Manitoba in 2008, 2010, and 2012. He formally retired from teaching in 2013.

Shanks, Graham Lawson

  • shanks_gl
  • Personne
  • 1889-1983

Graham Lawson Shanks was born on November 15, 1889 in Pettapiece, Manitoba. Shanks and his wife Mildred had one son named John Edward. In 1909, Shanks enrolled in the Manitoba Agricultural College (which would later be amalgamated into the University of Manitoba in 1929) and three years later, in 1912, graduated as member of the first graduating class of three in Agricultural Engineering. After graduating, Shanks held a position as an instructor of farm mechanics at the School of Agriculture in Vermillion, Alberta. In 1917, he accepted appointment at the Manitoba Agricultural College as a lecturer in Agricultural Engineering. A year later, he did service in the First World War with the Royal Flying Corps as a Cadet where he returned from duty on December 1918. At the age of 32, in 1921, he then went on to accept a position as Head of the Agricultural Engineering section where he continued to work until his retirement in 1955. Later on in 1930, Shanks would go on to receive an M.S. at the Iowa State College. His position was secure until 1933, when the Department of Agriculture closed its doors due to the depression. During that time Shanks remained on staff as a member of the Department of Civil Engineering but once the Department of Agricultural Engineering was re-established in 1947, Shanks reclaimed his title as Head of the department. In addition to teaching, Shanks also held many memberships in societies. He was member of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, the Engineering Institute of Canada, and the Agricultural Institute of Canada. On December 15, 1951, Shanks took a leave of absence to serve as an adviser in farm mechanization to the government of Pakistan under the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations until December 15, 1952. G.L. Shanks has also made many more contributions by heading investigations into farm affairs and farm machinery problems in Manitoba that contributed to the formation of business and government policy. On June 15, 1983, Shanks passed away at the age of 93.

Todaschuk, Sylvia

  • todaschuk_s
  • Personne
  • [194?] -

Sylvia (Stadnyk) Todaschuk, was born in Shoal Lake, Manitoba. In 1962 she married Ernest Todaschuk (1941-2012) and they had two daughters, Rosemarie and Charlene, who were born in Winnipeg. An energetic businesswoman, Sylvia purchased the original Silhouette Studio hair salon at 508 Selkirk Avenue and in 1985 she also established the Todaschuk Sisters Ukrainian Boutique on the premises, specializing in Ukrainian and Ukrainian-Canadian folk arts and cultural products (records, carvings, embroidery). From the late 1970s she was actively involved in various local Ukrainian-Canadian organizations, including the Ukrainian Canadian Committee and the Ukrainian Professional and Businness Club, and in cultural events such as the Folklorama Kiev Pavilion, Ukrainian Week, and the Ukrainian-Canadian Centennial Committee. Her business interests took her to Ukrainian-Canadian cultural festivals in all three Prairie provinces. Eager to promote and revitalize the Selkirk Avenue business district (between Main Street and Arlington Street), she became one of the founders and most active members of the Selkirk Avenue BIZ association. She spearheaded the Selkirk Avenue “Walking Tours” and sat on the board of directors of the Winnipeg Business Improvement Zone Association [Winnipeg B.I.Z.], the North End Community Renewal Corporation [NECRC], the Folk Arts Council of Winnipeg, and the Citizenship Council of Manitoba. For her activism, she received many awards including the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, the City of Winnipeg Community Service Award, the Government of Canada 150 Certificate of Achievement, the 120th Anniversary of Ukrainian Settlement in Canada Volunteer Service Award, and the Alpha Omega Alumnae Woman of the Year Award.

Nep, Gail

  • nep_g
  • Personne
  • 194-? -

Gail Nep was born and raised in Winnipeg, MB. After graduating from Grant Park High School, Nep attended the University of Manitoba graduating with a degree in Education in 1966, followed by a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1971. After completing university, in 1972 Nep began teaching as an Art Teacher within the Seven Oaks School Division until retiring in 2000. In 1979, she began her own art consultation service, which she continues to operate today, working with corporate and government collections, as well as private collectors, analyzing the current value, condition and future of collections. Nep further immersed herself in the art community throughout the 1980s and 1990s, working as the Curator for the University of Manitoba Faculty Club and joining the Board of Directors for the Manitoba Craft Council from 1984-1989 and 1992-1994. From 1985 until 1992, Nep owned and operated Uptown Gallery, which focused heavily on curating and selling contemporary Canadian artists such as, Wanda Koop, Bruce Head, Jordan Van Sewell and William Pura.

North-West Line Elevators

  • nwle
  • Collectivité
  • 1899-

This association was first organized by the Manitoba Elevator Operators on July 18, 1899, under the name the North-West Elevator Association. The first Directorship consisted of William Martin, President & Robert Muir, Vice-President. The other directors included R.D. Martin, E. O'Riley, John Love, R.C. Ennis, S.A. McGaw, J.E. Mann & T.B. Barker. The Membership included 24 companies or individuals representing 272 country elevators.

In 1904 the Association was incorporated by a special act of the Manitoba Legislature under the name of the North-West Grain Dealers Association. The membership had increased threefold to include 95 companies or individuals representing 780 elevators. John Love was the first president of newly incorporated Association.

The first ten years were marked by rapid expansion. By 1910 the Membership had risen to 164 companies or individuals with the number of elevators practically doubling to 1500. Five years later 30 more companies had come on board with the number of elevators growing to 2900. Through amalgamation of some of the smaller companies the roster declined to 101 companies in 1925 but the number of elevators increased to 3741.

In 1926 the hierarchy within the Association changed with the formation of the Owners' Committee. Henceforth Directors were appointed from the junior executive ranks or general superintendents of companies but the real power lay with the Owners' Committee. This committee lasted for ten years at which time a Public Relations Department was formed in March 1935. This group chose L.W. Brockington as its first leader with G.W.P. Heffelfinger as the first chairman.

Like all industry, the grain business was forced to navigate ten lean years during the Depression. The Membership declined to 55 companies by 1935 but still managed to represent 3345 elevators. In 1937 the Manitoba Legislature amended the Association's capital stock set up. The old Membership shares were paid out in full at $15 apiece plus a premium of $5 per share. The new capital arrangement called for 20000 authorized shares and 3393 subscribed shares selling at $1 each. A company was called upon to take $1 shares for every elevator it owned.

With the financial restructuring of the Association, came board room policy changes. After 1937 all Directors were now chosen from the principals of the companies. In 1940 the company changed its name to the North West Line Elevators Association. The Association lobbied for preferable rail rates for shipping. They attempted to block line abandonments by the C.P.R. & C.N.R. The Farm Service side of the Association performed grain research through its demonstration plots and seed testing laboratory. At its peak the Association cover elevators spanning the Prairie Provinces & Thunder Bay and represented the interests of most of the leading grain companies in Western Canada. The company still had an administrative board in 1992 but two years later it had come under control of N.M. Paterson & Sons Ltd. and is now dormant.

Prairie Theatre Exchange fonds

  • pte
  • Collectivité
  • 1972-

The origins of the Prairie Theatre Exchange can be traced back to the closing of the Manitoba Theatre Centre's drama school in 1972. The school had achieved considerable success offering recreational drama classes but by the early 1970's it was a financial burden that MTC, saddled with a rising deficit caused by recent expansion, could no longer afford to keep open.

When the announcement was made in the summer of 1972, a group of students, parents and other interested Winnipeggers formed a committee to investigate the possibility of opening up a new independent theatre school. This committee became the basis for the first board of the Manitoba Theatre Workshop. Its first chairman was the lawyer Charles Huband whose son David had been a student at the MTC school. Colin Jackson, a former teacher at the MTC school, was appointed as the Workshop's first director.

The Manitoba Theatre Workshop opened for classes on 9 October 1973 in the old Grain Exchange building at 160 Princess Street. This historic structure, which had been empty since 1964, was leased from the City of Winnipeg for $1 a year. Extensive renovations were made with the aid of a $12,000 Opportunities for Youth (OFY) grant.

Like its predecessor, the Manitoba Theatre Workshop's classes were designed for "enthusiastic amateurs" rather than aspiring professional actors. MTW's primary goal was "to make theatre arts accessible and sensible to as many young people as possible." Operating on the philosophy that "involvement, or contact, with the arts is necessary for society", the Workshop hoped to dispel the notion that drama was the exclusive domain of the elite.

In 1973-74, its first season of operation, the Workshop had an enrolment of 210 full-time and 100 part-time students. An infusion of grant money in January narrowly averted a potential financial disaster and allowed MTW to hire additional staff and organize touring programs for the province's schools.

The Manitoba Theatre Workshop initially devoted a large proportion of its resources towards the promotion of drama in both the school system and the larger community. It provided workshops for both teachers and students as well as serving as a resource for corporations, hospitals and other organizations interested in theatre and theatre education. In an effort to reach a wider audience it became involved in the production of "Let's Go", a CKY television program that featured MTW students doing improvisational exercises around a central theme. The Workshop also took over the sponsorship of the annual Junior & Senior High School Drama Festival from MTC.

Many of these activities had to be cut or severely curtailed for the 1975-76 season as a result of CKY's decision to produce "Let's Go" by itself and the decision of the Department of Education to drop its funding for the Drama Festival. The Festival was re-introduced in 1978 and in January 1979 the Manitoba Drama Festivals was incorporated as an official body supported by lottery monies. The festival was expanded the following year to include community theatre groups as well.

In keeping with MTW's educational mandate, its theatre productions were generally oriented towards a younger audience. The Workshop's first shows were student-produced cabarets designed as fundraisers. Canada Council grants were used to establish a puppet troupe that eventually went off on its own in 1976 as the Manitoba Puppet Theatre.
The first adult productions performed at MTW were presented by Confidential Exchange, a studio theatre group of local actors formed in 1974. Their December 1975 production of "Sandhills" was the first show produced at the Workshop under a full Actor's Equity contract. This show was part of the Workshop's first full season of alternative adult theatre, consisting of three Confidential Exchange productions and four touring productions. MTW's formal relationship with Confidential Exchange ended in August 1976 and the group disbanded soon afterward.

The 1977-78 season saw the introduction of The Neighbourhood Theatre (TNT), the province's first professional children's theatre company. Under the artistic leadership of director Deborah Baer Quinn, TNT presented three seasons of high-quality children's and youth theatre. An emphasis was placed on using original and locally-produced material and many of the shows were collective collaborations of the director and actors. A full subscription season was offered for the first time in 1978-79.

The Manitoba Theatre Workshop also hosted numerous touring productions and promoted concerts by popular children's entertainers such as Raffi and Fred Penner.
In September 1981 the Manitoba Theatre Workshop officially changed its name to Prairie Theatre Exchange, signalling a new direction for the company. Gordon McCall succeeded Deborah Quinn as artistic director and David Gillies was appointed as the company's first playwright-in-residence.

The new Prairie Theatre Exchange would offer adult as well as youth and children's programming with the aim of becoming the province's second fully professional theatre company. Its extremely successful first season in 1981-82 was highlighted by a production of George Ryga's "The Ecstasy of Rita Joe" in which all the principal native roles were played by native actors. This fact aroused nation-wide interest and the show was featured on the national news telecasts of both CBC and CTV as well as in a number of other national media outlets. After its Winnipeg run was completed, the show was taken on a five-week tour in southern British Columbia.

An all-Canadian season featuring five world premieres, three of them by Manitoba playwrights, was announced for the following year. This emphasis on local plays, however, proved to be unpopular with the public and resulted in a $20,000 loss.

A new artistic director, Kim McCaw of Saskatoon's Globe Theatre, was brought in for the 1983-84 season. He outlined a new "populist" policy for the PTE that emphasized the production of "contemporary, committed, socially connected work." Under McCaw's direction, the company enjoyed several remarkably successful years and gained a reputation for producing contemporary plays dealing with timely issues. By 1987 it had solidly established itself as the province's younger and hipper alternative to the more conservative Manitoba Theatre Centre. The headline of an article in the 26 June 1987 issue of the Globe & Mail proclaimed: "Prairie Exchange is hot, elaborate theatres are not." For the 1986-87 season PTE announced a balanced budget of $1.2 million, the first time that it had gone over the $1 million mark.

By 1987 it was also obvious that it was no longer feasible for PTE to remain in the old Grain Exchange building. Although the building's historic charm and relaxed atmosphere had become one of the theatre's main selling points, it was simply too small to support a major repertory company.

In November 1987 the PTE announced that it would be moving into a 2100-square-metre space on the third floor of the new Portage Place shopping centre. Kim McCaw defended this somewhat unorthodox juxtaposition of culture and capitalism as a move that would help to bring the arts from the fringes to the centre of the city. Construction began in March of 1989 and the first public performance in the new state-of-the-art 364-seat theatre took place on 12 October 1989.

The new quarters were also designed to accomodate the PTE Theatre School which by the early 1990's boasted an enrollment of well over 400 students. PTE has also continued to offer workshops through the public schoo system as well as curriculum workshops for teachers. In December 1988 PTE was approved as a Teaching Centre by the University of Manitoba.

In 1991 the Quebec director and playwright Michael Springate was named as the PTE's new artistic director, replacing Kim McCaw. Springate's emphasis on the staging of new plays by unknown writers resulted in a drop in attendance and he was replaced in 1995 by Montreal-based freelance director Allen MacInnis. MacInnis announced that a concerted effort would be made to increase attendance by appealing to a wider audience. His first full season as artistic director, 1996-1997, was highlighted by an elaborate staging of "My Fair Lady" and the hosting of the extremely popular touring production "2 Pianos, 4 Hands".

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