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authority records

Churches of Winnipeg and their Pastors

  • churches
  • Corporate body
  • 18??-

Winnipeg has had a rich history of churches since the establishment of the Red River Settlement. Among the numerous religions that have operated churches in Winnipeg, and that are featured in this collection, are Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, Baptist, and Seventh Day Adventist.

CKY (Radio station : Winnipeg, Man. : 1923-1948)

  • cky_radio
  • Corporate body
  • 1923-1948

The Manitoba Telephone System was authorized to operate CKY in 1923. The first program was broadcast on March 13, 1923. The final time slot on Tuesday evening was occupied by University Hour, which was a series of lectures presented by university professors. It quickly became one of its most popular shows. University on the Air was produced on the CKY radio station during the 1940's. Professors from various departments of the University of Manitoba presented lectures on a wide variety of topics. Topics included agriculture, science, war and women's interests.

Clark, Joe

  • clark
  • Person
  • 1939-

The Right Honourable Joe Clark was born in High River, Alberta in 1939. He obtained a B.A. (History) and M.A. (Political Science) from the University of Alberta. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1972, 1974, 1979 and 1980. He became the Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and Leader of the Opposition in 1976. As the 16th Prime Minister from May 1979 to March 1980 he was the first native westerner and youngest to hold office. Later in 1980 he became Leader of the Opposition until he lost the party leadership in 1983. Clark did not return to active federal politics until 1998 when he became the federal Conservative leader. After leaving party leadership, he served as Canada's Minister of External Affairs in 1984. In 1991 he became the President of the Privy Council and Minister Responsible for Constitutional Affairs. Clark was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of New Brunswick, 1976, an Alberta Award of Excellence, 1983, and Honorary LL.D.s from the University of Calgary in 1984 and University of Alberta in 1985. In 1976 he married Maureen McTeer, a well-known author and lawyer.

Coates, Isabella Cooper

  • coates
  • Person
  • 1853-

Isabella Cooper Coates was born in 1853. She travelled from England to Canada to join her husband who was already in Manitoba.

Cohen, Albert D. (Albert Diamond)

  • cohen_a
  • Person
  • 1914-2011

Born on January 20, 1914 to Alexander (Alec) Cohen and Bereka (Rose) née Diamond in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Albert was the third of six sons. As a boy, Cohen sold newspapers and worked as a delivery boy. At the age of fifteen he became a shoe salesman, quitting school after completing grade nine in order to contribute to the family finances during the Great Depression. Cohen then went into business with his father forming A. Cohen and Son and in 1931 sold candy, chocolate bars and later small household items throughout Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. In 1934 the Cohen family moved to Calgary where, led by Cohen, they established Confection Distributors and Agencies later renamed General Distributors Ltd. (GDL) when they began importing a wider variety of household products and watches.

During the Second World War Cohen joined the Royal Canadian Navy and was stationed aboard the HMCS Tecumseh and later the HMCS Strathcona. Due to a surplus in war goods Cohen and his brothers established SAAN (Surplus Army Air Force Navy) Stores Ltd. in 1947 and the chain later grew to include 300 stores across Canada. In 1952 the company signed an agreement with The Frawley Corporation by which sole distribution rights of Paper Mate in Canada was agreed. A few years later Cohen saw potential for distribution of transistor radios from a small Japanese company known as Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo Ltd. later named the Sony Corporation. He negotiated a partnership with the company that would last till 1995 when his company, Gendis Inc. (name changed in 1983), sold its distributions rights back to Sony.

Cohen and his brothers further launched GDL into the retail sector in the 1960s with the acquisition of Metropolitan Stores of Canada Ltd. (later renamed The Met) in 1961 and Greenberg's stores in 1967. By 1968 the family agreed that the company should go public and GDL began listing on the Toronto Stock Exchange in 1968. From the late 1960s till present day Gendis Inc. has acquired real estate in major Canadian cities and participated in joint ventures in oil and gas exploration, development and distribution. The calculated remaking and diversification of the company over decades led by Cohen who was President and CEO till 1999 and then took the title of Co-Chief Executive Officer of Gendis Inc. until his retirement demonstrates his entrepreneurial style that was documented in the numerous speeches he gave at conferences and in the books he published.

From the 1980s till 2010 Cohen researched, developed manuscripts and published five books. They include The Entrepreneurs: The Story of Gendis Inc., The Triangle of Success: The Gendis/Saan Story, The Story of SAAN, I.D.E.A., and Reminiscences of an Entrepreneur - How Sony came to Canada and then to the World in 1955.

Albert D. Cohen was the first recipient of the Distinguished Entrepreneur Award, later renamed I.D.E.A. that was established in 1983 in conjunction with the University of Manitoba. Cohen was responsible for expanding the scope of the award into the international business realm as chair of the nominating committee from 1985-2000. Other notable awards he received over the years were the Man of the Year Award in 1974, an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Manitoba in 1987 and was named a Member of the Order of Canada in 1983 and later accepted an investiture as an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1995.

His community involvement extended to the arts as President of the Manitoba Theatre Centre, in medicine as President of the Winnipeg Clinic Research Institute and President of the Dr. Paul H.T. Thorlakson Foundation along with numerous philanthropic endeavors in Winnipeg.

Albert Cohen married Irena Cohen (née Kankova) in 1953 with whom he had three children: Anthony, James, and Anna-Lisa. He died on November 21, 2011 at age 97.

Cohen, Dian

  • cohen_d
  • Person
  • 1932-

Dian Cohen (nee Nusgart) was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba in 1932. Before attending the University of Toronto, where she received a Bachelor of Arts in 1956 in Economic History and Political Science, Cohen worked in London, England as a foreign exchange clerk. She furthered her education at McGill University where she studied Banking, Public Policy, and Econometrics until 1963. Cohen then embarked on a long career as an economics commentator on television and radio, first with the CBC and then with CTV. In 1968 she commenced a long-term position as a syndicated newspaper and magazine columnist on personal money management, economic, and business affairs. Cohen would later publish several popular books on economic matters. She parlayed her talent of making economics understandable to the general public into a successful career as an educator on several academic radio programs and as an economics consultant and public speaker. Cohen also volunteered her time to several organizations, serving on numerous boards often as Director. Cohen's talents have been recognized over the years with the many awards and recognitions she has received including the Order of Canada in 1993.

Cohen, Harley

  • Mss 400, A.13-092
  • Person
  • 1933-

Harley Cohen was born in Winnipeg on May 12, 1933. He received a Bachelor of Science (Honors) degree in Mathematics & Physics from the
University of Manitoba in 1956. He obtained an MSC in Applied Mathematics from Brown University in 1958. Upon completion of his Masters, Cohen worked as Research Engineer with the Boeing Aircraft Company. Between 1960-1963 he worked as a Senior Development Engineer for Honeywell eventually becoming a Senior Scientist. While at Honeywell he obtained a patent for a gyroscope that was used in the first lunar landing in 1969. He was working toward his PHD at this time.

     Cohen completed his PHD in Mechanics & Materials at the University of Minnesota in 1964. He worked briefly at the University of Minnesota before returning to Winnipeg in 1966 to take an Associate Professorship in Civil Engineering at the University of Manitoba. He  enhanced the mathematics curriculum within the Faculty and was promted to full

professor in 1968. He pursued his engineering credentials becoming a P. Eng in the province of Manitoba. Dr. Cohen was named a Distinguished Professor in Applied Mathematics i in 1983. He was the Head of the Department of Civil Engineering from 1984-1989. He was appointed, to a five year term as Dean of Science in the fall of 1989. He retired from teaching in 1998 & is currently a Distinguished Professor Emeritus.

Cohen, Maxwell Charles

  • cohen_mc
  • Person
  • 1926-

Born in Alberta and raised in Winnipeg, Cohen graduated from the University of Manitoba where he wrote for the Manitoban and other student publications. After completing a degree in Social Work in Toronto, he worked there and in Montreal as a social worker, writing in his spare time. In 1956 his wife, Dian Nusgart, encouraged him to turn to writing full time. Within the first two years he sold over fifty scripts, set-up a theatre company with two others, and wrote a regular column on theatrical activities for the Montrealer. In 1960 he received a Canada Council Grant for the study of drama in New York and London. Initially Cohen wrote mainly half-hour dramas for radio and television. He wrote a series of plays dealing with Canadian history, numerous scripts for the National Film Board, and several other productions. His first major success was the film-play Dry Landers produced by the National Film Board. His flair for historical drama led him to modest acclaim in Canada and to a much wider audience south of the border. Many of his television screenplays were aired on American television in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s; the best known was Roots.

Cohnstaedt Family

  • Cohnstaedt_Family
  • Family
  • Ludwig Cohnstaedt (1847-1934); Wilhelm Cohnstaedt (1880-1937); Martin Cohnstaedt (1917-2002)

The Cohnstaedt family acquired a degree of prominence as German journalists during the second half of the 19th and the early 20th centuries. Ludwig Cohnstaedt (1847-1934) and his son Wilhelm Cohnstaedt (1880-1937) were senior editors of the Frankfurter Zeitung, a prominent liberal newspaper founded in 1856. When Wilhelm refused to write an editorial welcoming Hitler to power and endorsing the new Nazi regime in 1933, the Cohnstaedts, who were Jewish middle class liberals, had to leave Germany. Wilhelm moved to Paris and then to New York, where he wrote for the press and worked on a book about the collapse of the German (Weimar) republic before taking his own life in 1937. His eldest son, Hans Jacob, immigrated to England and then to Chicago. His daughter Ruth, a communist, was arrested, fled to Italy, and after returning to Nazi Germany, also took her own life. Martin (1917-2002), Wilhelm’s youngest son, was sent to England by his mother Else (nee Goebel; 1881-1974), a non-Jew who taught French, English and Italian and had an interest in organic farming and vegetarianism. Martin completed his secondary education at Leighton Park, a Quaker Secondary School in Reading, and at Woodbrooke, a Quaker Study Centre in Birmingham. He immigrated to the United States in 1937, where he was joined by his mother. Martin’s pacifism and his belief in Quaker philosophy would guide him throughout his life.

In the United States Martin studied vocational agriculture at Rutgers University in New Jersey (BSc, 1937-41), agricultural resource economics at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (MA, 1942-43), and rural sociology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison (1948-50), where he earned his PhD in1954.

In 1940, while at Rutgers Martin was nominated for membership in Alpha Zeta, a national agricultural fraternity but declined the offer because the fraternity excluded non-whites. A year later, in 1941, Martin refused to register for military service and was classified as a conscientious objector. His wartime service consisted of working as a milk tester in rural Virginia and in 1946 he participated in an UNRRA mission, shipping cows and horses from the United States to Poland. Because he had refused military service his application for American citizenship was denied after the war. Aided by the American Friends Service Committee and the American Civil Liberties Union, Martin appealed his case all the way to the American Supreme Court, where he won the right to citizenship in 1950.

Martin’s academic career and his community work took him and his family - he had married Rebecca Boone and they had two sons - to a number of American colleges and universities. In 1946-48, he taught economics and sociology at Sterling College in Kansas; from 1948 through 1952, he was a teaching assistant and lecturer at the University of Wisconsin and at Downer College in Milwaukee; in 1952-53 he was a visiting instructor at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York; in 1955-56, he was assistant professor at Wisconsin State College in Milwaukee; and from 1956 through 1966, he was an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. After Martin and Rebecca divorced in 1961, Martin increasingly combined his work as an academic with the practical application of his Quaker philosophical beliefs and social ideals. At Antioch College in Ohio, where he was a visiting associate professor of sociology in 1964-67, he became involved in the War on Poverty. He worked as an organizer with the Supporting Council of Preventative Effort (SCOPE) on the “Head Start” and the “Moving Ahead Together” (MAT) projects in Dayton, Ohio, helping local Blacks claim their rights to health care, education and food.

In 1967 Martin took up a position as Professor of Sociology at the Regina Campus of the University of Saskatchewan (after 1974, the University of Regina). In addition to his teaching and administrative duties, he participated in the organization of community self-help groups (aboriginal and low-income single mothers), researched the impact of a potash mine on the small rural community of Lanigan, Saskatchewan, and studied small arctic communities along the western shore of Hudson Bay as part of the University of Saskatchewan Institute for Northern Studies. Soon after moving to Regina Martin met and married Joy Rowe, an art teacher who shared Martin’s commitment to pacifism and community development. They adopted two children and a daughter was born in 1971. By 1969, Martin’s non-academic work as a community organizer, and his efforts to bring sociology students into the departmental decision-making process, including curriculum and the hiring of faculty, caused tension with faculty and the university administration. Although an internal university review committee (the Zacaruk Report, 1969) concluded that criticism of Martin was unjustified, the administration relieved Martin of his administrative responsibilities as acting chair of the Sociology department. In 1971 a dispute concerning Martin’s teaching methods culminated in his suspension from teaching although a second external review committee (the Woods Report, 1972) concluded that Martin had been treated unfairly. Until he was forced to take early retirement in 1978, Martin focused on community development work with non-status Indian and Métis peoples in northern Saskatchewan, including helping them organize opposition to uranium mining. In response to his forced early retirement, Martin sued the University of Regina for wrongful dismissal. When the Supreme Court of Canada finally upheld his case and awarded him more than $200,000 plus costs in 1995, Martin Cohnstaedt was suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. He passed away in Toronto in November 2002.

Communist Party of Canada

  • cpc
  • Corporate body
  • 1921-

Since its founding in May 1921, Canada's party of Socialism, the Communist Party of Canada (CPC) has been in the forefront of left wing Canadian politics, fighting for jobs, democratic rights, Canadian independence, peace, socialism and working class internationalism. The CPC is a voluntary organization of like-minded Canadians based on the principles of Marxism-Leninism whose ultimate goal is the creation of a Canadian socialist society. The party strives to promote the broadest possible unity of the working class and its allies against all forms of oppression and to bring all these forces into the daily struggles of working women and men for jobs, social justice and democratic advance.

Community Players of Winnipeg

  • cpw
  • Corporate body
  • 1921-1932

Two lawyers, H.A.V. Green and C. Alan Crowley, established The Community of Players of Winnipeg as an amateur theatre group in 1921. Their mandate included providing facilities for the production of plays written by Canadian authors as well as providing Canadian playwrights and Canadian players the opportunity to practice their art and obtain national recognition. The general committee acted as management and was originally composed of seven men including a doctor, a professor and two lawyers. Support for the theatre group came in the form of memberships and subscriptions. Three types of memberships were available to the community: the players membership, which was available to those who demonstrated ability to the committee, the service membership, which was available to any member of the community interested in working on plays, and finally, the guarantors' membership. The Community Players offered four major productions every season and often mounted additional productions. The change of name from the Community Players to Winnipeg Little Theatre must have occurred after 1932 although the date is not clearly defined.

Condie, Richard

  • condie_r
  • Person
  • 1942-

Richard Condie was born in 1942 in Vancouver, British Columbia. He moved to Winnipeg where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Manitoba in 1967. Before establishing his career as an animator, Condie worked as a musician for the Manitoba Theatre Centre (1964), as a musician for CBC TV (1964-65), and as a sociologist in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia (1967-69).

In 1971 and 1972 he was awarded Canada Council Grants to experiment in animation. His experimentation resulted in the production of his first animated short film, Oh Sure, which was purchased in 1978 by the National Film Board of Canada. He went on to produce nine animated films, two of which, The Big Snit and La Salla, were nominated for Academy Awards. Condie's work first garnered international recognition in 1980 when he was presented with an award in Tampere, Finland for his animated short film, John Law and the Mississippi Bubble. His next animated shorts, Getting Started (1980) and Pigbird (1981), won a variety of awards in several countries including Yugoslavia, Portugal, Finland, Poland, Australia, Canada and the United States. Condie received his first Academy Award nomination for The Big Snit in 1985. The Big Snit is Condie's most famous film and winner of sixteen international awards. Condie received his second Oscar nomination in 1997 for La Salla, his first computer-assisted animated short. La Salla is the winner of nine international awards.

Throughout his animation career, Condie has contributed to the film and video industry in almost every capacity: as animator, writer, director, producer, composer, and musician. He is an active member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and the International Animation Society, and is a founding member of the Winnipeg Film Group. He continues to experiment with animation techniques.

Condie, Sharon

  • condie_s
  • Person
  • 1939-

Sharon Condie was born in 1939 in Vancouver, British Columbia. She moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba at the age of seven and graduated from Kelvin High School in 1957. Between 1957 and 1961 she attended the University of Manitoba where she studied Fine Arts and Interior Design. Ms. Condie'€™s artistic abilities were first formally recognized in 1972 when she received a Canada Council Explorations Grant to develop several drawing techniques for children'€™s books. In 1974 she graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree (Graphics and Film History) from Concordia University. Upon returning to Winnipeg, Ms. Condie contributed layout and background drawings to several award-winning animated films, including the National Film Board productions John Law and the Mississippi Bubble (1978), Getting Started (1979), and the Academy Award nominee The Big Snit (1985). In 1981 Ms. Condie co-directed Putting it in Perspective, a combined animation and live action video explaining perspective and optical illusion for Grade 10 Geometry students. This project won an Association for Media and Technology in Education Award in 1982. In 1997 she completed her second degree, a B.A. in Women's Studies (Gold Medal) at the University of Winnipeg. In addition to her valuable contributions as an artist in the film industry, Ms. Condie has extensive experience in promotional and script writing. She continues to work on several fiction and non-fiction writing and research projects.

Connor, Ralph

  • gordon_c
  • Person
  • 1860-1937

Charles Gordon was born in Glengarry County, Ontario. His father was a Scottish Presbyterian minister who came to Canada to preach to the Scottish settlement near Sherbrook in the Eastern Townships of Quebec. Gordon graduated from the University of Toronto and then attended Knox College. He began his church work as a missionary in Southern Manitoba and was ordained in Calgary in 1890. In 1894, he came to Winnipeg to the pulpit of St. Stephen's where he remained to the end of his ministerial career. Gordon began his writing career in 1896 with a short story for the Presbyterian paper The Westminster Magazine. When he wrote his first book Black Rock: A Tale of the Selkirks, he introduced his pen-name "Ralph Connor". By the time he wrote The Sky Pilot (1899), he had established his name in literary circles. He also wrote The Man From Glengarry (1901), Glengarry School Days (1901), The Prospector (1904), The Life of James Robertson (1908) and The Foreigner (1909). In total, Gordon wrote over thirty novels, five million copies of which were sold around the world.

Conservative Club of Greater Winnipeg

  • ccgw
  • Corporate body
  • 1880-

The Conservative Club of Greater Winnipeg (C.C.G.W.) was organized in 1880. Among the founding members were Captain Thomas Scott, first Vice-President and Mayor Alexander Logan, Second Vice-President.

Consumers' Association of Canada. Manitoba Branch

  • cac
  • Person
  • 1948-

The Consumers' Association of Canada (CAC), the only nationally organized consumers association in Canada, is a direct outgrowth of the Women's Section of the Wartime Prices and Trade Board. This organization was formed during the Second World War to assist in the monitoring of price ceilings, rationing, and in assisting Canadians to achieve maximum use and value from scarce consumer goods. Women from across Canada turned their post-war time experience to a practical purpose - the establishment of a peacetime organization, which provided women with opportunities to continue serving their country. The effectiveness of this massive corps of volunteers led to the permanent establishment of a consumer organization. In September 1947, sixteen major women's organizations met in Ottawa and organized the Canadian Association of Consumers. Within its first year of operation, branches were formed in every province and later in Newfoundland. In Manitoba, Mrs. R.W. Queen-Hughes, the wife of the Lieutenant Governor, called together the provincial representatives of the founding groups and gave them the responsibility of setting up CAC in the province. Mrs. C.K. Newcombe was the first interim chairperson of the Winnipeg Branch until its official establishment in April 1948.

Continuing Education Division

  • Corporate body
  • 1942-

A program in Adult Education was initiated in 1942 for the benefit of rural people struggling with shortages during the war. Study groups were organized to examine various topics which dealt with eventual reconstruction. A course in Adult Education was offered in 1945 at the University but did not gain departmental status until 1949, with the recommendation of the Manitoba Royal Commission on Adult Education. The Department of University Extension was established in 1949 with A.S.R. Tweedie as Director. In 1953, the Department absorbed the Evening Institute and began to offer credit courses along with various "short" courses.

By 1961, with the rapid increase in the number of student enrolments, the Department moved from its Broadway site to the Isbister Building on the Fort Garry campus. In the mid-1960s, the Department divided into four main operating areas: Management Studies, Professional Studies, the Evening Institute, and the Audio-Visual Division. In 1975, the Department of University Extension became the Continuing Education Division under Dean David J. Lawless and moved to the Frank Kennedy Centre where it currently resides as Extended Education. Continuing Education was organized into administrative and program departments, which included the Dean's Office, Access and Special Pre-Medical Studies, Canadian Forces University Program, Distance Education, General Studies, Language Studies Area, Management, Professional and Community Programs, Summer/Intersession, and the University of Manitoba Downtown.

Cook, Jeffrey

  • cook_j
  • Person
  • 1934-2003

Jeffrey Ross Cook was born on June 26, 1934 in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. Cook graduated from Lunenburg Academy in 1951, and completed a Bachelor’s degree at the University of Manitoba School of Architecture in 1957, receiving a silver medal from the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada. He graduated with a Master’s of Architecture from the Pratt Institute in 1961. He joined the College of Architecture and Environmental Design at Arizona State University in 1962 where he remained for the duration of his career. He was also a registered architect in the states of Arizona and Rhode Island. He married Agnese Udinotti in 1967, with whom he had one daughter. Their marriage dissolved in 1974. Jeffrey Cook died from colon cancer in Paradise Valley, Arizona on March 24, 2003.

Throughout his career, Cook held the following positions: Assistant Professor (1962-1966), Associate Professor (1966-1972), Professor (1972-1988) and Regents’ Professor (1988-2003). Jeffrey Cook specialized in the fields of solar and bio-climatic design and organic architecture. He was closely associated with the founding and running of PLEA (Passive Low Energy Architecture) and its annual international conferences and served as a member of numerous other professional associations. In 1980, he founded the Passive Solar Journal, and was its editor-in-chief from 1980-1984. Jeffrey Cook received the following awards and recognition: Passive Pioneer Award, American Solar Energy Society, 1985; Regents’ Professor, for exceptional scholarly achievements, ASU, 1988; Honorary Member, Bulgarian Union of Architects, for international contributions, 1991; International Passive Solar Promotion Award, German Ministry of Housing, 1993; and Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, FRIBA, 1996.

Professor Cook published several books including: Drawing and Design (1962), The Architecture of Bruce Goff (1978), Passive Design for Desert Houses (1980), Cool Houses for Desert Suburbs (1979, 1984), Passive Solar Buildings (1984), Passive Solar House Designs (1984), Passive Cooling (1989), Anasazi Places: The Photographic Vision of William Current (1993), and Creative Resistance: Organic Architecture of a New Hungary (1996). He also wrote over 350 papers, chapters, articles and reviews on architecture, design theory, building technology, urban design performance of the built environment and aesthetics.

Cooley, Dennis

  • cooley
  • Person
  • 1944-

Dennis Cooley, a prairie poet, is a professor in the English department at the University of Manitoba. His literary work is a great contribution to prairie literature. As a founding member of Turnstone Press and a president of the Manitoba Writer's Guild, he helped many aspiring new writers to establish themselves in the Canadian literary world. He provided valuable expertise as an editor and a literary critic.

Dennis Cooley was born in Estevan, Saskatchewan, on August 27, 1944, and graduated from the University of Saskatchewan with a B.E. (1966) and B.A. (1967) degree. He received an M.A. degree (1968) from the University of Saskatchewan and a Ph.D.(1971) from the University of Rochester. His teaching experience started at the University of Saskatchewan in 1967 and now has over 40 years of teaching experience as a professor at the University of Manitoba and a visiting professor at the prestigious European Universities.

Dennis Cooley is the author of various poetry collections: Leaving (1980), Fielding (1983), Bloody Jack (1984, 2002), Sunfall (1986), This Only Home (1992), Irene (2000), Seeing Red (2003), Country Music (2004), The Bentleys (2006), Correction line (2008), and many unpublished manuscripts in process such as Love in Dry Land and others. As a literary critic, he published collections of essays on prairie writers such as Vernacular Muse (1987), Eli Mandel and his Work (1992), and the anthology of prairie poetry Inscriptions (1992). He kept detailed journals of his European travel and shared his experience with his readers by publishing some of them in the publications Passwords (1996) and Scotland (unpublished). He also contributed articles to many literary periodicals including Prairie Fire, CVII, Canadian Poetry, Canadian Forum, Border Crossing, ECW, and many more. By publishing two anthologies, RePlacing (1980) and Draft: an Anthology of Prairie Poetry, he introduced prairie writers to readers in Canada and Europe. Dennis Cooley's main interest lies in contemporary poetry. He is still teaching courses at the University of Manitoba.

Cooper, Eva Irene

  • cooper_e
  • Person
  • 1890-1976

Eva Irene Herron was born in Toronto in 1890, and married W.B. (Barney) Cooper in 1916. She was in Britain for the duration of her husband’s military service in First World War, and returned with him to Canada after the war. They lived in Lethbridge, Alberta and Regina, Saskatchewan before moving to Winnipeg in 1926 or earlier. They adopted a daughter, Phyllis Mairi Cooper, who was born in Edmonton in 1926. Beginning also in 1926, Barney and Eva Cooper participated in psychical research experiments at the home of Dr. T. Glen Hamilton (1873-1935) and Lillian May Hamilton (1880-1956). The Coopers also held their own séances at their Winnipeg home in late 1931; the majority of purported spirit communicators were also present in the Hamilton experiments. The group’s participants were Eva Cooper, Barney Cooper (referred to as Victor in the proceedings), Eva's mother Catharine Herron (d. 1936), Wilfrid Ernest (Bill) Hobbs (1887-1982), and, occasionally, their young daughter, Phyllis Cooper. The Coopers continued to attend the Hamilton sittings until about 1933, after which they moved to Toronto for employment. Eva worked as a sales clerk and later manager of the china department at Birks. The Coopers maintained ties with the Hamilton family, periodically meeting Dr. Hamilton’s daughter, Margaret Hamilton Bach (1909-1986). After moving to Markham, Ontario to be closer to her daughter and grandchildren, Eva died there in 1976.

Cooper, William Bernard

  • cooper_w
  • Person
  • 1891-1968

William Bernard (Barney) Cooper was born on 9 March 1891 in Simla, Punjab, India to British parents, and lived there until he was 12. He made his way to Canada before the First World War and enlisted in the Royal Winnipeg Rifles in 1915, earning the Military Cross in January 1918. On 28 April 1916, he married Eva Irene Herron (1890-1976) in Winnipeg. After the war, the couple returned to Canada and lived in Lethbridge, Alberta and Regina, Saskatchewan before moving to Winnipeg in 1926 or earlier. They adopted a daughter, Phyllis Mairi Cooper, who was born in Edmonton in 1926, and Barney worked for an insurance company.
Beginning in 1926, Barney and Eva Cooper participated in psychical research experiments at the home of Dr. T. Glen Hamilton (1873-1935) and Lillian May Hamilton (1880-1956). He was one of three auxiliary mediums (along with H.A.V. Green) in the Hamilton séances, known in the records as “Victor”. When the Winnipeg Society for Psychical Research was formed in June 1931, Barney Cooper was elected as its Vice-President. The Coopers also held a series of séances at their Winnipeg home in late 1931; the majority of purported spirit communicators were also present in the Hamilton experiments. The group’s participants were Eva Cooper, Barney Cooper (referred to as Victor in the proceedings), Eva's mother Catharine Herron (d. 1936), Wilfrid Ernest (Bill) Hobbs (1887-1982), and, occasionally, their young daughter, Phyllis Cooper. The Coopers continued to attend the Hamilton sittings until about 1933, after which they moved to Toronto for employment. After moving to Toronto, Barney Cooper was still involved in psychical research, but only within the family. The Coopers maintained ties with the Hamilton family, periodically meeting Dr. Hamilton’s daughter, Margaret Hamilton Bach (1909-1986). Barney Cooper died in Toronto in 1968.

Co-operative Vegetable Oils Ltd.

  • cvo
  • Corporate body
  • 1943-1975

Co-operative Vegetable Oils Ltd. (CVO) was established in Altona, Manitoba in 1943 under the direction of J.J. Siemens. Siemens was an active member in the Mennonite community having been both a school teacher and a farmer. Siemens was also part of the Rhineland Agricultural Society (est. 1931) which was established to develop better agricultural practices--especially through education and experimentation. Equally important was Siemens' belief in the co-operative movement, most notably the development of various Credit Unions.

CVO was established largely because Second World War Canadian imports of edible vegetable oils (from Russia and Argentina) were noticeably reduced, creating a need for domestic production. To support the domestic industry, the Federal Government offered incentives such as price subsidies, transportation subsidies and facilities for processing the crop in Hamilton, Ontario. Although the 1943 crop was shipped to Hamilton, the high costs of long distance transportation of sunflowers - the principle oilseed crop - proved discouraging. Consequently, with a view to the future when these subsidies would be lifted, CVO chose a local processing plant. This scheme, half-heartedly endorsed by the Provincial Government, satisfied the needs of the local community, which backed the project enthusiastically. The Altona plant was to cost a projected $60,000, half of which would be raised from private funds, with the remainder coming from guaranteed loans from the Provincial Government. The community eagerly threw its support behind the plant because it offered long-term economic growth and stability. As farming became increasingly mechanised, farm labour diminished leaving little employment for the young. This affected the close-knit structure of the Mennonite family. Furthermore, wheat prices had not increased significantly since the Depression, and the family farm was suffering. However, the CVO plant provided jobs for locals and an outlet for the alternative crop, the sunflower; it added soybeans and canola in the 1950s.

CVO's list of achievements include: the development of Safflo oil as its first consumer product in 1949, the first oilseed crushing plant in Canada, the first company to commercially process sunflowers in North America, the first North American company to process pure sunflower-based cooking oil, and a strong role in the development of canola as an "oilseed". To meet growing needs, CVO officially merged with Manitoba Pool Elevators April 1, 1975, and called itself CSP Foods. CanAmera Foods purchased CSP Foods 20 March 1992.

Corkett, Anne

  • corkett
  • Person
  • 1944-

Anne Corkett is a writer with whom Margaret Avison corresponded for many years.

Cormier, Ray

  • cormier_r
  • Person
  • d. 2007

Ray Cormier was born and raised in Moncton, New Brunswick, and moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba in the 1980s. Cormier was a a one-man production unit, at times filling all the roles necessary to create and produce a video: actor, writer, musician, director, videographer, editor, producer, and broadcaster. Cormier produced commercials and instructional videos that had regional and national impact. He worked for a number of production companies based in Winnipeg - Rainbow Video Service, Video Promotions, Abilities Research Inc., and MidCanada Production Services Ltd. Cormier's clients included Fortune Group 2000, Foster Marks Advertising, Glen Hanson Media, Lank Beach Productions, Bayer Healthcare Division, Ontario Pharmacists Association, Searle Pharmaceutical, and the Winnipeg Police Department. His commercials appeared on PBS, NBC, CKY-TV, CBC, Global-TV, CTV, MuchMusic, and A-Channel. Ray Cormier died unexpectedly on May 2, 2007.

Cosman, Henry Herbert

  • A.03-35
  • Person
  • [19-] -

Henry Herbert Cosman donated University of Manitoba memorabilia to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections osman in 2002. The items that make up this collection belonged to Cosman who graduated from the University of Manitoba’s Faculty of Medicine in 1949.

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